Anderson County in South Carolina is a sleeper hit among travelers seeking to explore the unique history and culture of the region. Did you know that the county has a rich cultural heritage that dates all the way back to pre-Columbian times? Here are seven interesting facts about Anderson County's historical significance.
1. Home to Cherokee Indians
Before European colonization, Anderson County was inhabited by the Cherokee Indians. The county is named after Revolutionary War hero, Robert Anderson. However, the Cherokee Indians called the area "Tugaloo Old Town," which was named after a major tributary of the Savannah River.
2. The American Revolution
During The American Revolution, the Battle of Williamston took place on July 12th, 1780 in Anderson County. The victory of Patriot forces led to a British retreat from the Upstate of South Carolina, which had widespread impacts on the course of the Revolution.
3. Textile Manufacturing
The textile industry played a significant role in the economic development of Anderson County. The manufacture of cotton textiles began in the mid-19th century and by the 1950s, Anderson County was one of the largest textile-producing areas in the world. The mills produced everything from bed linens to clothing fabrics.
4. Bell Street Middle School
The Bell Street Middle School in Anderson County was one of the first schools in South Carolina to be integrated. In 1957, after the Supreme Court verdict in Brown v. Board of Education, three African American students were enrolled in the previously all-white school, marking a significant turning point in the fight for civil rights.
5. The Anderson Independent
The Anderson Independent newspaper was established in 1899 and is one of the oldest newspapers in South Carolina. Over the years, the newspaper has covered many consequential local and national events, and today’s digital version of the newspaper continues to operate.
6. Lake Hartwell
Lake Hartwell, a man-made lake on the Savannah River, was created in 1963 with the construction of the Hartwell Dam in Anderson County. The lake is a sanctioned venue for fishing tournaments, skiing and swimming and offers picturesque views of the surrounding region.
7. Clemson University
Clemson University was founded in 1889, thanks to the efforts of Thomas Green Clemson, who bequeathed land and money to the state of South Carolina on the condition that the school be established in his name. Today, Clemson University is a top-tier public research university with over 23,000 students and a diverse range of academic programs and research initiatives.
In conclusion, Anderson County has a rich history full of unique landmarks and events that have shaped South Carolina culture. From the county’s pre-Columbian origins to the civil rights movement and Clemson University, the region offers a diverse collection of historical experiences that are well worth exploring.
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