Anderson County of Tennessee is a serene and peaceful county that has a rich history. Located in the eastern part of Tennessee, it's an intriguing place to visit, especially for those interested in history, due to its unique features, events, and landmarks. In this article, we would be taking a look at seven interesting facts about Anderson County in Tennessee history.
1. Anderson County Was Named After a Famous War Hero
Anderson County was established on April 1, 1801, and was named after Major Joseph Anderson, a prominent military and political figure who served during the American Revolution. Anderson served as the Treasurer of the United States and had many dealings with President George Washington and other high-ranking government officials.
2. Anderson County Is Known for Its Role in the Manhattan Project
The Manhattan Project was a secret government initiative during World War II that developed the first-ever nuclear bombs. The US government chose three different sites for the project, with one of them being located in Oak Ridge, a city inside Anderson County. The Oak Ridge facility was instrumental in producing the world's first fully enriched uranium, which was used to build the atomic bomb that was dropped on Hiroshima, Japan, in 1945.
3. Anderson County Is Home to the Oldest Continuously Running Theater in Tennessee
Andrew Johnson Theater, which is located in the Oak Ridge Civic Center, is the oldest continuously running theatre in Tennessee. The theater has been in operation since 1943 and has hosted numerous plays, concerts, and other events over the years.
4. Anderson County Played an Important Role in the American Civil War
During the American Civil War, Anderson County was a crucial location for both sides of the conflict. It was strategically located because it lay across important roads and waterways. The county was in constant conflict throughout the war, with the Union controlling most of the area during the latter stages of the conflict.
5. Early Enslaved People in Anderson County's History
In 1800, there were 413 enslaved individuals who accounted for 21% of the county's population. According to the 1860 Federal Census, by the time of Emancipation in Tennessee, the number of enslaved individuals in Anderson County had climbed to 3,812.
6. The Historic Norris Dam is Located in Anderson County
The Norris Dam is a significant landmark in Anderson County's history. The dam, which was completed in 1936, was the first of its kind in the world. The dam helped to generate electricity for the Tennessee Valley Authority and played an important role in the region's economic development.
7. The Civilian Conservation Corps Made an Impact in Anderson County
During the Great Depression, the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) played a critical role in Anderson County. The CCC gave work to unemployed men and boys aged 18-25 and focused on developing parks, trails, and recreational facilities in rural areas. The CCC contributed to the development of the Norris Dam, Big Ridge State Park, and other landmarks in the county.
In conclusion, Anderson County is a unique and remarkable place with a rich and fascinating history. Visitors to the area can learn about the county's role in the Manhattan Project, the Civil War, the development of the CCC, and other events that have made it what it is today. For those interested in American history and the development of technology, culture, and society, Anderson County is a must-see destination.
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