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Cavalier County is a picturesque county located in the northeastern region of North Dakota, United States. The area was initially occupied by Native Americans, including the Dakota, the Ojibwe, and the Métis. European settlement began in the 1800s, and the county was officially formed in 1873. Here are seven interesting facts about Cavalier County's history that you might not have known before.

1. Origin of the Name

Cavalier County was named after Charles Cavileer, a prominent lawyer and politician in Pembina, which was the first major city in the region. Charles was a strong advocate for the development of the region, and his efforts were instrumental in the establishment of Cavalier County.

2. The Battle of the Tongue River

In 1866, Red Cloud, a Lakota warrior, led a successful attack on a U.S army column in what is now Cavalier County. The Battle of the Tongue River was a significant moment in Native American history, as it marked the first major victory against the U.S army in decades.

3. Early Settlers

The early settlers of Cavalier County were primarily of Scandinavian descent, including Norwegians, Swedes, and Danes. They migrated to the region in the late 1800s and early 1900s, attracted by the fertile farmland and favorable climate.

4. Importance of Agriculture

Agriculture has always been a significant part of Cavalier County's economy. The county is known for its wheat, corn, canola, soybeans, and sunflowers, among other crops. Livestock production, including beef and dairy, is also prevalent in the region.

5. The Role of Railroads

The arrival of railroads in Cavalier County in the late 1800s was a game-changer for farmers. It made transportation of produce easier, faster, and cheaper, opening up new markets for agricultural products. The Northern Pacific Railway and the Soo Line Railroad played vital roles in the development of the region.

6. World War II and Airfields

During World War II, the U.S Military built several airfields in Cavalier County, including the Langdon Auxiliary Army Airfield and Egeland Army Airfield. The airfields were used to train pilots and aircrews for combat duty overseas.

7. The Icelandic Communities of Cavalier County

Cavalier County is home to several Icelandic communities, including Mountain, Mountain View, and Gardar. These communities were established by Icelandic immigrants in the late 1800s and early 1900s, and they have preserved their unique culture and heritage to this day.

In conclusion, Cavalier County has a rich and varied history, with significant contributions from Native Americans, immigrants, and the U.S Military. The county has been shaped by agriculture, railroads, war, and immigration, among other factors. If you're ever in the region, take time to explore these fascinating stories of the past.

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