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Colleton County in South Carolina boasts a rich history that dates back several centuries. From its colonial-era roots to its modern-day developments, the county has been witness to numerous exciting events and achievements. Here are seven fascinating facts about Colleton County's history that will leave you in awe.

1. The county was named after Sir John Colleton, one of the original eight Lords Proprietor of Carolina. Sir John Colleton was heavily involved in the early colonial development of South Carolina in the late 1600s.

2. Colleton County was once home to "The Great Swamp Fight" during the American Revolution. In 1781, British troops under the command of Colonel John Stuart engaged in a long and brutal battle against American forces led by Colonel Thomas Sumter. Today, the battle is commemorated each year at the Battle of Great Swamp Monument in Ehrhardt.

3. In 1824, the towns of Colleton County were heavily involved in the "Nullification Crisis." During this time, South Carolina state officials were opposed to federal tariffs and taxes. Citizens of the county attended meetings to discuss ways to nullify these tariffs and taxes and even threatened to secede from the United States.

4. Rice farming played a significant role in the county's economy during the antebellum period. The county became the largest rice producing region in the state and dominated rice agriculture until the Civil War. Even today, the region is still dotted with paddies that make for an excellent tourist attraction.

5. During World War II, Colleton County was home to an Army Airfield that provided military aviation training for pilots, bombardiers, and navigators. The site was also used to test the B-17 Flying Fortress, a bomber that played a vital role in the war. Today, the airfield has been converted into a civilian airport known as the Walterboro Regional Airport.

6. The county has a strong tradition of African American heritage. In the early 1900s, the county's black residents were instrumental in the development of the Gullah culture, which is a unique blend of West African, English, and Caribbean influences. Today, the Gullah culture is celebrated through music, crafts, and cuisine.

7. Colleton County has produced several notable personalities, including James Edwards, the first African American to serve on the United States Court of Appeals; and Frederick M. Jones, an inventor who patented several refrigeration devices, including a portable air conditioning unit used to cool military field hospitals during World War II.

In conclusion, Colleton County in South Carolina is a place of immense historic importance and diverse culture. The rich legacy of the region makes for an outstanding tourist and educational destination, and it is fascinating to see how history has woven a tapestry of stories that make the county what it is today.

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