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Located in the southeastern part of Texas, Jackson County is a region rich in history, culture, and natural beauty. From the earliest days of settlement to present-day, the county has undergone significant changes and has played an important role in the state's overall growth and development. Here are 7 interesting facts about Jackson County, TX history:

1. The county was named after Andrew Jackson, the seventh president of the United States, who was in power from 1829 to 1837. Interestingly, at the time of its establishment in 1836, the county was also named for another prominent political figure, William H. Wharton. However, this name was changed to Jackson after a few years.

2. Jackson County was home to some of the earliest settlements in Texas. In the early-to-mid-1800s, John McFarland established a ferry across the Colorado River, which helped bring settlers to the area. Additionally, James Power and Thomas Barnett settled along Sandy Creek in 1829, which is now known as the site of the historic El Camino Real Trail.

3. During the Civil War, Jackson County witnessed several significant battles. Confederate forces occupied the area, and the Union launched several raids to disrupt their supply lines. One of the most notable battles took place in 1863, when Union general Nathaniel Banks led a massive raid into Texas, destroying several Confederate supply depots and farms.

4. In the late 1800s, Jackson County became one of the most important cotton producing regions in Texas. Railroads were built to transport the cotton to markets across the country, and a number of large plantations were established throughout the area. However, the rise of synthetic fabrics and the decline of the cotton industry led to a significant economic decline in the region.

5. In the early 20th century, Jackson County became known for its oil and gas reserves. After the discovery of the "Gulf Coast Oilfield" in 1901, a number of oil and gas companies set up operations in the region. Today, the county remains an important center for oil and gas production in Texas.

6. Jackson County played a significant role in the Civil Rights Movement. African American Texans living in Jackson County fought against segregation and discrimination, and were instrumental in the desegregation of the Jackson County School District in the 1970s.

7. Today, Jackson County is home to a number of historic sites and cultural landmarks. The county seat of Edna features a number of buildings listed on the National Register of Historic Places, including the Jackson County Courthouse and Edna Theater. Additionally, the county is home to a number of museums and parks, such as the Texana Museum and Monument Hill & Kreische Brewery State Historic Site.

Overall, Jackson County, TX has a rich and fascinating history, reflecting the many changes and challenges faced by the state and its people over the years. From early settlements and battles to contemporary issues, the region remains an important center of culture and heritage in Texas.

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