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Marengo County, located in the southwest region of the state of Alabama, is a place with a rich and intriguing history. From its founding to its contributions to the Civil Rights Movement, there are many facts that make Marengo County a fascinating place to learn about. In this article, we'll explore seven of the most interesting facts about this county's history.

1. Marengo County was founded in 1818 and is named after the Battle of Marengo, which was fought in Italy in 1800. The battle was won by Napoleon Bonaparte, and Marengo County's name reflects the admiration that early settlers had for the French emperor.

2. The county's early economy was based on agriculture, specifically the production of cotton. Marengo County was one of the largest cotton-producing counties in Alabama during the antebellum period, and its reliance on slave labor resulted in a long-term impact on its demographics even to this day.

3. In the 1830s, the county's population grew rapidly due to the opening of the Black Belt region to white settlement. This also led to increased demand for slave labor, and by 1860, over 80 percent of the county's population was enslaved.

4. During the Civil War, Marengo County was a key battleground in the fight for control of the Mississippi River. The county saw several important battles, including the Battle of Gaines's Mill and the Battle of Malvern Hill. The county's economy was destroyed during the war, and its population declined significantly.

5. Marengo County played a significant role in the Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and 1960s. One of the most famous events was the "Bloody Sunday" march from Selma to Montgomery in March 1965, which passed through the county.

6. The city of Demopolis, which is located in Marengo County, was founded in 1817 and was one of the first cities in Alabama. The city is known for its historic architecture and its location on the Tombigbee River.

7. The Marengo County Courthouse, which is located in Linden, is registered as a National Historic Landmark. It was built in 1903 and is one of the most impressive examples of Classical Revival architecture in the state of Alabama.

In conclusion, Marengo County has a fascinating history that encompasses everything from the Civil War to the Civil Rights Movement. It is a place that played a significant role in the history of Alabama and the United States as a whole, and it continues to be an important part of the state today. Anyone with an interest in history should consider exploring this fascinating county and learning more about its past.

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