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Orangeburg County is one of the oldest counties in South Carolina, with a rich history that dates back to the colonial era. From its early settlements to its participation in some of the most important events in American history, here are seven interesting facts about Orangeburg County's storied past.

1. Orangeburg's Name Originates from Dutch Settlers: Orangeburg owes its name to Dutch settlers who migrated to the region in the early 18th century. They named the county after the Prince of Orange, who later became William III of England.

2. Orangeburg was Named After the Orangeburg Massacre: Orangeburg County is infamous for the Orangeburg Massacre, a violent clash between black protesters and white police officers that occurred on February 8, 1968. Three black students were killed and many more were injured, leading to a substantial civil rights movement.

3. The County is Home to Claflin University: Claflin University is a private university founded in 1869 that is located in Orangeburg County. It is the oldest historically black college in South Carolina and one of the oldest in the country.

4. Orangeburg was Home to Many Cotton Plantations: During the colonial period, Orangeburg County developed a vibrant agriculture sector based on the cultivation of cotton. Many wealthy planters resided in the region, and the county remains one of the leading cotton producers in South Carolina.

5. The County Was a Hub for Revolutionary War Activity: During the Revolutionary War, Orangeburg County was a significant target for both British and Patriot forces. It was the site of several battles, including the Battle of Williamson's Plantation, and later became a key center for Patriot recruiting.

6. The County is Home to Important Historical Landmarks: Orangeburg County boasts a wealth of historical landmarks, including several historic homes and churches that date back to the colonial era. Notable examples include the Orangeburg County Courthouse, the Historic Anniston Community, and the Bamberg County Courthouse.

7. Orangeburg is Home to a Rich Cultural Heritage: Orangeburg County has long been a center of African American culture and has a vibrant and diverse artistic community. The county is home to several cultural festivals and is known for its traditional Gullah cuisine, which is characterized by its use of local produce and seafood.

In conclusion, Orangeburg County in South Carolina has a rich and diverse history that is filled with a variety of interesting facts and events. From its earliest settlements to its participation in the Revolutionary War and its role in shaping African American culture in the South, Orangeburg County remains an important center of historical and cultural significance in the region.

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