Umatilla County is located in the northeastern part of Oregon, bordering the state of Washington. It was founded in 1862 and named after the Umatilla River, which runs through it. Here are 7 interesting facts about Umatilla County in Oregon history:
1. Home to one of the largest mass executions in U.S. history
On November 29, 1878, five members of the Bannock tribe were hanged in Umatilla County for their alleged involvement in the murder of four white settlers. This event is considered one of the largest mass executions in U.S. history.
2. Once known as the "Wheat Capital of the World"
Umatilla County was once known as the "Wheat Capital of the World" due to its large wheat production. However, in recent years, potato production has taken over as the county's largest agricultural industry.
3. Home to the famous Pendleton Round-Up
The Pendleton Round-Up, which started in 1910, is one of the largest rodeos in the United States. It takes place annually in September and attracts thousands of visitors from around the world.
4. Site of the Umatilla Chemical Depot
The Umatilla Chemical Depot was built in 1941 to store chemical weapons. It was one of eight chemical weapons storage facilities in the United States. The depot was closed in 2011 and is now being dismantled.
5. Birthplace of the famous baseball player, Dale Murphy
Dale Murphy was born in Portland, but raised in Umatilla County. He played for the Atlanta Braves and was a seven-time All-Star and two-time National League MVP.
6. Home to the Umatilla National Forest
The Umatilla National Forest is a 1.4 million-acre forest that spans four counties in Oregon and Washington. It provides recreational opportunities such as camping, hiking, fishing, and hunting.
7. Has a rich history of Native American culture
The Umatilla Tribe has been present in the area for thousands of years. The tribe's reservation is located in Umatilla County and is home to over 3,000 members. The tribe has a rich history of traditional culture and practices that are still celebrated today.
In conclusion, Umatilla County has a rich history filled with interesting events and people. From the Pendleton Round-Up to the Umatilla Chemical Depot, this county has played a significant role in shaping Oregon's history.
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