Amanda, Ohio, is a small village located in Fairfield County with a rich history dating back to the early 19th century. Throughout the years, various major events have taken place near Amanda that have shaped the region's history.
1. Founding of Amanda, OH
In 1815, the village of Amanda was founded as a small farming community, named after Amanda Greathouse, an early settler in the area. Amanda’s name, originally spelled "Amanda," was changed to "Amandaville" for a time before resuming its original name.
2. Underground Railroad
During the 1800s, Amanda was an important stop on the Underground Railroad, a network of secret routes and safe houses used by slaves to escape to freedom in the North. The small village provided a safe haven for many slaves making their way to Canada or other free states.
3. Civil War
During the Civil War, Amanda served as a recruiting station for the Union Army. Many local men enlisted in the military to fight in the war. The National Road, a major artery for transporting supplies and troops, also ran through the town, making it a hub of activity during wartime years.
4. Wagnalls Memorial Library
In 1924, Mabel and Adam Wagnalls, of the famous publishing company, donated land and money to build the Wagnalls Memorial Library in Lithopolis, a small town near Amanda. The large limestone building features impressive Gothic architecture and still serves as a vital library for the area.
5. World War II Airfield
During World War II, the U.S army erected a military airfield nearby Amanda, the Lockbourne Army Airfield, later named Rickenbacker Air Force Base. The base served as a training center for bomber and fighter squadrons.
6. Apollo 7 splashdown
In 1968, the Apollo 7 spacecraft returned to Earth and splashed down in the Atlantic Ocean, but the recovery helicopter was unable to locate the spacecraft. The astronauts were eventually rescued by a carrier fleet based out of Rickenbacker Air Force Base, the nearest military base to the location of the splashdown.
7. Renewal of Amanda School
The small Amanda-Clearcreek Local School District was officially established in 1950 through the merger of the village schools at Amanda and the township schools. However, due to funding issues and declining student enrollment, the district closed its high school in the early 2000s. However, the school reopened after a successful levy campaign in 2006.
In conclusion, Amanda, Ohio, may be small in size, but its history is rich and varied. From important landmarks to significant events, Amanda has played a crucial role in shaping the history of Ohio and the United States. Anyone interested in Ohio history and culture will find plenty to discover in the Amanda area.
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