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7 Pieces Of History Near Belfast, NI

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Belfast, Northern Ireland has been a site for many historical events over the years. From wars to the struggle for independence, Belfast has been at the center of it all. Here are some of the most significant historical events that have taken place near Belfast:

1. Battle of Carrickfergus (1177): Carrickfergus, a town located just 12 miles from Belfast, was the site of a significant battle between the English and the Irish. In 1177, an English army under the command of John de Courcy attacked the town, which was held by the Irish King Rory MacDonnell. After a fierce battle, de Courcy emerged victorious and held Carrickfergus for many years.

2. The Flight of the Earls (1607): The Flight of the Earls was a significant event in Irish history that took place just outside of Belfast. In 1607, Hugh O'Neill and Rory O'Donnell, two of the most powerful Irish lords, left Ireland and fled to mainland Europe. This event marked the end of Gaelic power in Ireland and paved the way for English colonization.

3. Siege of Derry (1688-1689): The Siege of Derry was a conflict that took place in the city of Derry, just outside of Belfast. During the conflict, the Catholic King James II of England attempted to reclaim the throne from the Protestant King William III. The Protestant inhabitants of Derry, known as the "Apprentice Boys," barricaded themselves inside the city walls and withstood a 105-day siege before being relieved by an English army.

4. United Irishmen Rebellion (1798): The United Irishmen Rebellion was an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow British rule in Ireland by Protestant and Catholic rebels. The rebellion began in Belfast and quickly spread throughout the country. The rebels were defeated by the British army and the rebellion ultimately led to the Act of Union in 1801, which abolished the Irish Parliament and placed Ireland under direct British rule.

5. First Irish War of Independence (1919-1921): The First Irish War of Independence was a conflict between the Irish Republican Army (IRA) and the British government. The conflict began in Dublin in 1919 and quickly spread to Belfast. The violence in Belfast was particularly brutal, with sectarian violence erupting between Catholics and Protestants. The war ended with the signing of the Anglo-Irish Treaty in 1921, which established the Irish Free State.

6. Belfast Blitz (1941): The Belfast Blitz was a series of bombing raids carried out by the German Luftwaffe during World War II. Between April and May 1941, German bombers targeted Belfast in an attempt to destroy its shipbuilding facilities. The city was heavily damaged, with over 1,000 people killed and 50,000 left homeless.

7. Good Friday Agreement (1998): The Good Friday Agreement was a historic peace agreement signed in 1998 between the Irish and British governments and various political parties in Northern Ireland. The agreement was reached after years of negotiations and ended decades of sectarian violence and conflict in the region. The agreement established a power-sharing government in Northern Ireland and created a framework for reconciliation between the Catholic and Protestant communities.

In conclusion, these seven historical events demonstrate the rich and tumultuous history of Belfast and the surrounding region. From battles to rebellions to peace agreements, Belfast has played a significant role in shaping the history of Ireland and the United Kingdom.
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