Binghamton, New York is located in the southern tier of the state, nestled between the Susquehanna River and the rolling hills of the Appalachian Mountains. It's a city with a rich history, with many significant events taking place in and around the area. From the arrival of the first settlers to the birthplace of IBM, here are seven historical events that have taken place near Binghamton, NY.
1. The arrival of the first settlers
The region that would become Binghamton was first settled in 1787 by William Bingham, a wealthy landowner from Philadelphia. He purchased a large tract of land from the Native Americans and began selling parcels to other settlers. The town of Binghamton was incorporated in 1834 and named after its founder.
2. The discovery of salt springs
In the early 1800s, salt was a valuable commodity, used primarily for preserving food. In 1810, a salt spring was discovered near the present-day town of Salina in Onondaga County, about 50 miles north of Binghamton. The discovery led to the development of a booming salt industry in the area, with many of the salt works located along the banks of the Susquehanna River.
3. The Chenango Canal
In the mid-1800s, the Chenango Canal was built to connect Binghamton to the Erie Canal, a major transportation route that ran from Buffalo to Albany. The canal was completed in 1837 and operated until 1878, when it was replaced by railroads as the primary mode of transportation. The canal helped spur economic growth in the area and played a significant role in the development of Binghamton as a major industrial center.
4. The Civil War
Binghamton played a significant role in the Civil War, with many local men enlisting in the Union army. The city served as a staging area for troops and supplies, and a number of military encampments were established in the area. Binghamton also provided financial support to the war effort, with local citizens donating money and supplies to the troops.
5. The birthplace of IBM
In 1911, the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company (CTR) was formed by the merger of four separate companies, including the Tabulating Machine Company, which had been founded in Binghamton in 1896. In 1924, the company was renamed International Business Machines (IBM) and became one of the largest and most successful technology companies in the world. Binghamton still has a strong connection to IBM, with the company maintaining a significant presence in the area.
6. The Endicott-Johnson Corporation
Endicott-Johnson Corporation was once one of the largest shoe manufacturers in the world. The company was founded in 1899 and was headquartered in nearby Johnson City. The company built an extensive network of factories, which employed tens of thousands of people. Endicott-Johnson played a significant role in the economic development of the area, and the company's influence can still be seen in the many historic buildings that dot the landscape.
7. The flood of 2006
In June 2006, the Binghamton area was hit by a devastating flood, caused by heavy rains that overwhelmed the city's aging stormwater system. The flood caused significant damage, with homes and businesses submerged in water. Despite the damage, the community came together to provide support and assistance to those affected by the flood, demonstrating the resilience and strength of the people who call Binghamton home.
Binghamton, New York is a city with a rich and fascinating history. From the arrival of the first settlers to the birthplace of IBM, the area has played a significant role in the development of the United States. Whether you're a history buff or simply interested in learning more about the area, there's plenty to discover in this beautiful and historic region.
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