Brockton, Montana may be a small town but it has had its fair share of historical events that have taken place nearby. From natural disasters to battles, here are seven historical events that were significant to the area around Brockton.
1. Battle of the Rosebud (June 17, 1876): This battle was fought between the Lakota, Northern Cheyenne, and Arapaho Native American tribes against the United States Army. The battle took place near what is now Rosebud Creek and was significant because it delayed the US Army’s attempt to reach the Little Bighorn River, where another battle was fought eight days later.
2. Yellowstone River Flood of 1937: The Yellowstone River experienced a devastating flood in 1937, affecting over six states including Montana. The flood caused significant damage to the surrounding communities, including the Brockton area, and resulted in over $20 million in damages.
3. Fort Peck Dam Construction (1933-1940): The Fort Peck Dam, located near Brockton, was one of the largest hydroelectric projects of its time. Its construction provided employment opportunities for many during the Great Depression and helped to control flooding along the Missouri River.
4. Native American Boarding Schools: The first Native American boarding school was established in the United States in 1879 in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. The Fort Peck Indian Boarding School was opened in 1904 and was one of many boarding schools established to assimilate Native American children into white culture.
5. Homestead Act of 1862: The Homestead Act of 1862 allowed settlers to claim up to 160 acres of public land for little to no cost. This act led to the settlement of the western United States and many families in the Brockton area were able to homestead and establish their own farms.
6. Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804-1806): The Lewis and Clark Expedition traveled through the area that is now Montana, including the Yellowstone River and the Great Falls of the Missouri River. Their journey provided valuable information about the geography and resources of the western United States.
7. Crow Fair (1918-Present): Crow Fair is an annual event that takes place near the Crow Reservation in Montana. It is a celebration of Crow culture and traditions and includes a powwow, rodeo, and other cultural events. The first Crow Fair was held in 1918 and it has become one of the largest Native American gatherings in the United States.
In conclusion, Brockton, Montana has a rich history that includes significant events such as the Battle of the Rosebud, the Fort Peck Dam, and the Homestead Act of 1862. The area has been shaped by natural disasters, exploration, and the assimilation of Native American children into white culture. Crow Fair continues to celebrate Crow culture and heritage and is a reminder of the region’s strong Native American roots.
- Tags: MT