Calera, Oklahoma is a small town located in the southern part of the state. Despite its small size, Calera has been the location of several historical events that have shaped the community and the state of Oklahoma as a whole. Here are seven significant events that have happened near Calera.
1. Chickasaw Removal: In the 1830s, the US government forced the Chickasaw people from their lands in Mississippi and Alabama and relocated them to Indian Territory, which included parts of what is now Oklahoma. Many of the Chickasaw settled in the area around Calera, and the town has a rich Native American history.
2. Butterfield Overland Mail Route: In the late 1850s, the Butterfield Overland Mail Route passed through Calera on its way from St. Louis, Missouri to San Francisco, California. The route was an important communication and transportation link at the time, and Calera played a role in connecting communities across the American West.
3. Civil War Battles: During the Civil War, several battles were fought in and around Calera. In 1863, Confederate troops under General William Cabell clashed with Union troops near what is now the town of Kenefic, just east of Calera. The Confederates were able to drive the Union troops back, but ultimately the Union army prevailed in the region.
4. Oil Discovery: In 1904, the first oil well in Oklahoma was drilled near Ardmore, just a short distance from Calera. The discovery of oil in the state played a significant role in the development of the economy and infrastructure of the region.
5. Durant Riots: In 1911, a group of African American men were accused of attacking a white woman in Durant, a town just north of Calera. The men were arrested and held in the Calera jail before being transferred to the county jail in Durant. A mob of white residents then stormed the Calera jail and lynched two of the accused men.
6. Tornado Outbreak: In 2011, a series of tornadoes swept through Oklahoma, including one that hit the town of Calera. The tornado caused significant damage to the town, including destroying several homes and businesses. Fortunately, there were no fatalities or serious injuries reported.
7. Incorporation of Calera: In 1956, the citizens of Calera voted to incorporate as a town. Previously, the community had been organized as an unincorporated community. The move allowed for greater control of local government and resources, and paved the way for future growth and development in the town.
In conclusion, Calera, Oklahoma has experienced several significant historical events that have shaped the community and the state. From Native American history, to wars, to natural disasters, the town has a rich and varied past that continues to inform its present and future.
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