Cambridge, a small town steeped in history, is located on the Eastern Shore of Maryland. Over the centuries, this picturesque community has been witness to several significant historical events. From colonization and conflicts to civil rights movements, here are 7 memorable events that have taken place near Cambridge, MD.
1. Settlement by European Colonists:
Cambridge traces its roots back to the early 17th century when Englishman Richard Lowes established a settlement in 1684. The town grew steadily, attracting European colonists seeking new opportunities and a place to call home.
2. The Attack on Cambridge by British Forces:
During the American Revolutionary War, in August 1813, British forces launched an attack on Cambridge. The British fleet disrupted trade, burned warehouses, and even set fire to several homes. While the raid caused significant damage, it bolstered American resistance in the region and fueled a sense of patriotism.
3. The Underground Railroad:
In the 19th century, Cambridge played a significant role as a stop along the Underground Railroad. Escaped slaves hid in safe houses before continuing their journey to freedom. Harriet Tubman, a famous abolitionist and former slave, was born nearby and later returned to lead countless people to freedom through this area.
4. The Civil War and the Emancipation Proclamation:
During the Civil War, the Eastern Shore of Maryland was a divided region, with some supporting the Confederacy and others advocating for the Union. Although Maryland remained part of the Union, slavery was still legal. It was not until the Emancipation Proclamation came into effect in 1863 that the slaves on the Eastern Shore were freed.
5. The Long Wharf Civil Rights Protests:
In the 1960s, Cambridge became a center of civil rights activism. Local African American residents, led by Gloria Richardson, protested against racial segregation and discrimination, primarily focusing on the city's Long Wharf area. These protests resulted in some reforms and brought national attention to the struggle for equality.
6. The Cambridge Riots and National Guard Intervention:
Following the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. in 1968, racial tensions in Cambridge exploded. The African American community, frustrated with the lack of progress, clashed with law enforcement and white supremacists. The riots led to significant property damage, injuries, and arrests. The Maryland National Guard was eventually called in to restore order.
7. The Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Visitor Center:
In 2017, the Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Visitor Center was opened near Cambridge. This state-of-the-art center pays tribute to the life and legacy of Harriet Tubman while providing visitors with a glimpse into the experiences of runaway slaves. It serves as a hub for education, exploration, and remembrance of the important history that unfolded in the region.
Cambridge, Maryland, is a town rich in history, where significant events have shaped the course of the region and the nation. From colonization and war to civil rights movements and freedom struggles, these seven events are a testament to the resilience and determination of the community, both past and present.
Listen On: Spotify | Apple | Google