Colchester, Vermont is a small town located on the shores of Lake Champlain. Despite its size, the area has a rich history dating back to pre-colonial times. Here are seven historical events that have taken place near Colchester.
1. The Abenaki Tribe
The Abenaki Tribe were the original inhabitants of the area. They had several villages along the Winooski and Lamoille Rivers, where they fished and hunted. The tribe had a great relationship with nature and believed strongly in their connection with the land. Many of their cultural habits still remain in the modern-day Vermont landscape.
2. French and Indian War (1754-1763)
During the French and Indian War, the British and French were fighting for control of North America. Fort Frederick was built on the Winooski River to protect the British settlements from French and Native American attacks. The fort's remains are still visible, and it is now a state park.
3. American Revolution (1775-1783)
While Vermont was not yet a state during the American Revolution, its inhabitants were divided in their loyalties. Most sided with the Patriots, and many fought in the Continental Army. Ethan Allen, a famous Patriot, even captured Fort Ticonderoga located across the lake from Colchester. Today, visitors can explore the fort and learn how it played a role in the American Revolution.
4. The War of 1812 (1812-1815)
The War of 1812 was fought between the United States and Great Britain. The British occupied several forts in the Champlain Valley, including Fort Frederick located in Colchester. The British used the fort to launch several raids on American towns, but the Americans eventually drove them back across the border after the famous Battle of Plattsburgh.
5. The Underground Railroad
The Underground Railroad was a system of secret routes and safe houses used by slaves to escape to freedom. Colchester was a stop on the Underground Railroad, and several homes in the area were used as safe houses. Today, the Rokeby Museum located just outside of Colchester tells the story of how Vermont played an important role in the Underground Railroad.
6. The Civil War (1861-1865)
Many Vermonters fought in the Civil War, and Colchester had its share of soldiers enlist. The town suffered a great loss when Colonel William Lewis of the 11th Vermont Infantry was killed at the Battle of Cold Harbor in Virginia. A monument honoring him stands in the center of town.
7. Hurricane of 1938
On September 21, 1938, a massive hurricane hit New England. Vermont, far from the coast, still felt the storm's effects. Colchester was hit particularly hard, with many buildings and homes destroyed. The storm caused widespread flooding throughout the state and left many without power for weeks.
In conclusion, Colchester, Vermont, has a rich history that is still evident in the area today. From the Abenaki tribe to the War of 1812 and beyond, the town has seen its share of historical events. Visitors to the area can explore these stories and learn about the people who helped shape Vermont's past.
- Tags: VT