Cooper, TX is a small located in Northeast Texas, which has witnessed several historical events that have played an important role in shaping Texas and the United States. In this article, we will look at seven historical events that took place near Cooper, TX.
1. Caddo Indian Civilization
The first inhabitants of Cooper were the Caddo Indians who had a vibrant civilization in the area. They were skilled farmers, potters, and traders who had several villages in Northeast Texas, including the Cooper area.
2. Red River War
In 1874, the Red River War was fought between the United States Army and the Comanche, Kiowa, and Southern Cheyenne tribes. The fight was a culmination of tensions between the Native American tribes and the settlers, who were encroaching on their land. One of the last battles of the Red River War took place near Cooper when a detachment under Lieutenant William H. Hill was ambushed by the Comanche.
3. The Great Hanging at Gainesville
In 1862, during the Civil War, Union sympathizers were persecuted and killed in several towns in Texas. The most infamous of these incidents was the Great Hanging at Gainesville, about 60 miles west of Cooper. Over 30 men were falsely accused of being Union sympathizers and hanged in the town square.
4. The Bonham Rebellion
In 1839, Texas was a republic, and Sam Houston was its president when citizens of Bonham attempted to secede from the Republic of Texas. The rebellion failed, and the leaders were arrested and faced charges for treason. One of the leaders, Samuel Highsmith, fled to Cooper and hid but was eventually caught, tried, and hanged.
5. The Meeting Place of Indian Trails
Cooper's geographical location is significant as it is the meeting place of two old Indian trails. One trail ran between present-day Fort Worth and Clarksville, while the other ran between Paris, TX, and Fort Washita. The intersection of these two trails made Cooper a trading center and contributed to its growth.
6. The Civilian Conservation Corps
In the 1930s, during the Great Depression, President Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal created the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) to provide employment for young men. The CCC built several dams and parks in Northeast Texas, including Cooper Lake State Park.
7. The Founding of Delta County
Delta County was established in 1870, and the town of Cooper became its county seat. The county was named after the Greek letter delta, which is a triangle formed by the forks of the Sulphur River, which runs through the county. The founding of Delta County was significant in the history of Cooper as it helped it grow and become a center of commerce and trade.
In conclusion, Cooper, TX, is a town with a rich history that has impacted Texas and the United States. The town witnessed the conflict between Native Americans and settlers, the Civil War, the Great Depression, and the founding of Delta County. The historical events have helped shape the town into what it is today and have become a significant tourist attraction for history enthusiasts.
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