Cromwell, Connecticut is a town with a rich history that dates back to the colonial era. Located in Middlesex County, the town has seen its fair share of historical events over the centuries. Here are seven notable historical events that have taken place near Cromwell, CT.
1. The Battle of Harlem Heights (1776)
During the American Revolution, one of the first battles to take place near Cromwell was the Battle of Harlem Heights. It occurred on September 16, 1776, in what is now Manhattan. The Continental Army, led by General George Washington, defeated a British force and was able to move north without further opposition.
2. The Hartford Convention (1814)
During the War of 1812, a group of Federalist delegates from several New England states met in Hartford to discuss grievances against the federal government. The resulting Hartford Convention called for several amendments to the U.S. Constitution, but the war ended before any action could be taken. The meeting took place in Hartford, just a short distance from Cromwell.
3. The Wadsworth Atheneum Opens (1844)
The Wadsworth Atheneum, one of the oldest public art museums in America, opened in Hartford in 1844. The museum's founder, Daniel Wadsworth, was a prominent Hartford native. Today, the museum boasts a collection of over 50,000 works of art and is located less than 15 miles from Cromwell.
4. The Hartford Circus Fire (1944)
One of the worst fire disasters in American history occurred in Hartford on July 6, 1944. The Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus was set up on a field on Barbour Street when a fire broke out, killing over 160 people and injuring hundreds more. Many of the victims were buried in Hartford's Northwood Cemetery, which is located just a few miles from Cromwell.
5. The Connecticut Turnpike Opens (1958)
The Connecticut Turnpike, also known as Interstate 95, opened in 1958. The highway passes through several Connecticut towns, including Cromwell. It was built to provide a faster and more efficient route for vehicles traveling between New York and Boston.
6. The Middletown Nuclear Plant Opens (1977)
The Middletown Nuclear Plant, also known as the Connecticut Yankee Nuclear Power Plant, opened in 1977. Located on the Connecticut River in Haddam, just a few miles from Cromwell, the plant provided electricity to local communities for many years. It was permanently shut down in 1996 and has since been decommissioned.
7. The Hartford Whalers Move to North Carolina (1997)
Hockey fans in Connecticut were devastated when the Hartford Whalers, the state's only professional sports team, moved to North Carolina in 1997. The team's departure marked the end of an era for many Connecticut residents. The team's former home arena, the Hartford Civic Center (now known as the XL Center), is located in downtown Hartford, less than 15 miles from Cromwell.
In conclusion, Cromwell, Connecticut, is situated in an area with a fascinating and sometimes tragic history. From the American Revolution to the Hartford Circus Fire, the area has seen many significant events over the centuries. These events provide important reminders of the past and help to shape the community's identity today.
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