Dover, New Hampshire, is a city with a rich history that dates back to the 17th century. Since its inception, there have been countless historical events that have taken place in and around the area. Here are seven notable events that have occurred near Dover that have played a significant role in shaping the region's past.
1. The First Settlement of Dover
In 1623, the first English settlement in New Hampshire was established at nearby Odiorne's Point in what is now Rye. The group of fishermen and traders created a system of trade with the indigenous population and established a permanent settlement at nearby Strawberry Bank, which would eventually become Portsmouth.
2. The Cocheco Massacre
In 1689, during King William's War, a group of Abenaki Indians led a raid on the settlement of Dover. The raid killed soldiers and civilians, including women and children. This event is known as the Cocheco Massacre, and it remains a significant tragedy in the region's history.
3. The American Revolution
Dover played a significant role in the American Revolution. Many residents of the city were patriots, and the area was a frequent target of British raids. In March of 1775, a group of men from Dover marched to Lexington and Concord to fight in the opening battles of the war.
4. The Portsmouth Naval Shipyard
The Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, one of the oldest shipyards in the country, is located just a few miles from Dover. The shipyard was established in 1800 and has played a significant role in the country's naval history, including in World War II and the Cold War.
5. The Cotton Mill Industry
In the early 19th century, Dover was a major center for the cotton mill industry. The Cocheco Manufacturing Company was founded in 1824 and quickly became one of the largest cotton mills in New England. The mill provided employment opportunities for many people in the area and helped to shape the city's economy.
6. The Great Fires
Dover was devastated by two great fires in its history. The first occurred in 1820 and destroyed a significant portion of the downtown area. The second fire occurred in 1889 and destroyed even more of the city's center. These fires helped shape the city's architecture and redevelopment.
7. The Arrival of the Railroad
In 1842, the Boston & Maine Railroad arrived in Dover, connecting the city to Boston and other major cities. The railroad brought significant changes to the region, including increased commerce and transportation of people and goods.
In conclusion, Dover, NH, has played a significant role in the region's history. From the first English settlement in the state to the arrival of the railroad, many events have taken place that have shaped the city's development. The city's past is a rich and fascinating tapestry that continues to influence the area's identity today.
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