Eden, NY, is a small town in western New York State, with a rich history that spans back centuries. Here are seven historical events that have taken place near Eden, NY, that have shaped the town and its surrounding areas.
1. The Treaty of Big Tree: In 1797, the Treaty of Big Tree was signed between the United States government and the Seneca Nation of Indians. The treaty was signed near what is now Genesee Valley Park in Rochester, NY, but had significant implications for the entire western New York region, including Eden. The treaty led to the forced removal of the Seneca Nation from their lands in the area, opening up the land to white settlement.
2. The Holland Land Company: In the late 1700s and early 1800s, the Holland Land Company purchased vast tracts of land in western New York, including the area surrounding Eden. The company was responsible for surveying and selling the land to settlers, many of whom were from Germany and Holland. This influx of immigrants shaped the town's demographics and culture.
3. The Erie Canal: Completed in 1825, the Erie Canal made transportation of goods and people much easier and faster, joining the Hudson River with the Great Lakes. The canal passed through many towns and cities in western New York, including Buffalo and Lockport, and had a significant impact on the economic development of the region, including in Eden.
4. The Underground Railroad: Upstate New York played a significant role in the Underground Railroad, a network of people and safe houses that aided escaped slaves in their journey to freedom. Many abolitionists, including Frederick Douglass and Harriet Tubman, lived and worked in the area, and the region's proximity to Canada made it a critical stop on the journey north. It is likely that some safe houses were established in or near Eden during this time.
5. The Battle of Lundy's Lane: The Battle of Lundy's Lane was fought during the War of 1812, just a few miles north of Eden, at what is now Niagara Falls, Canada. The battle was one of the bloodiest of the war and ended in a stalemate, but it marked a turning point in the conflict, with the United States shifting from a defensive strategy to an offensive one.
6. The building of St. Mary's Church: St. Mary's Church, located in nearby East Eden, was built in 1852 by German and Irish immigrants, many of whom were Catholic. The church was a significant symbol of the town's changing demographics as well as religious practices.
7. The Buffalo Creek Disaster: In 1848, a dam holding back a large reservoir in the town of Wales, not far from Eden, broke, sending a wall of water and debris downstream. The disaster killed over 400 people and caused widespread destruction, devastating the communities along Buffalo Creek. The disaster led to changes in dam safety practices and resulted in increased government oversight of such structures.
These seven historical events offer just a snapshot of the rich and complex history of the region surrounding Eden, NY. They also highlight the ways in which events that occurred outside of the town itself have had a significant impact on its development and culture. Today, Eden remains a small but vibrant community, with a deep respect for its past and an eye towards the future.
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