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7 Pieces Of History Near Edgefield, SC

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Edgefield, South Carolina is a town steeped in history. Founded in the early 1800s, the town and the surrounding area have played a significant role in shaping the course of American history. From the Revolutionary War to the Civil Rights Movement, Edgefield has a rich and varied history that spans centuries. In this article, we will explore seven significant historical events that have taken place near Edgefield, South Carolina.

1. Revolutionary War Battles
During the Revolutionary War, several significant battles took place near Edgefield. One of the most significant was the Battle of Ninety-Six in 1781, which took place just 70 miles from Edgefield. This battle was one of the bloodiest of the war, with over 100 soldiers killed on each side. Although the British won this battle, it ultimately proved fruitless as they were defeated in the wider conflict.

2. South Carolina Secedes from the Union
In 1860, South Carolina became the first state to secede from the union. The state's decision was rooted in the deep divide over the issue of slavery that existed in the country at the time. The first successful military action of the Civil War, the bombardment of Fort Sumter, was launched from the nearby Charleston Harbor, just over 100 miles from Edgefield.

3. The Edgefield Massacre
In 1876, the Edgefield Massacre took place, an event that has gone down in history as one of the most violent and significant incidents of the Reconstruction period. The event occurred during a political rally in Edgefield, where white Democrats attacked black Republicans, killing seven and injuring dozens more.

4. Benjamin Tillman is Elected Governor
In 1890, Edgefield native Benjamin R. Tillman was elected governor. Tillman was a controversial figure who is remembered for his promotion of white supremacy and his advocacy for the disenfranchisement of African Americans. His legacy is still debated, with some hailing him as a champion of democracy and others condemning him for his views on race.

5. Strom Thurmond's Presidential Run
In 1948, Edgefield native Strom Thurmond ran for president as part of the States' Rights Democratic Party, also known as the Dixiecrats. Thurmond's campaign focused on states' rights and resistance to integration, attracting significant support in the southern states.

6. Integration of Schools and Public Facilities
During the Civil Rights Movement, Edgefield played a significant role in the struggle for integration. In 1963, Governor Ernest Hollings ordered the integration of schools and public facilities in Edgefield, a move that was met with significant resistance from some members of the community.

7. Women's Suffrage Movement
Edgefield also played a role in the women's suffrage movement, with several key figures in the movement hailing from the area. Notably, Mary Lumpkin, a prominent suffragist, was from Edgefield and played a significant role in pushing for women's right to vote.

In conclusion, Edgefield, South Carolina has been the site of several significant historical events that have shaped the course of American history. From the Revolutionary War to the Civil Rights Movement, Edgefield has played a pivotal role in shaping the country's development. To this day, the town remains a hub of historical significance and a fascinating destination for those interested in exploring America's past.
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