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7 Pieces Of History Near Edinburgh, IN

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Edinburgh, Indiana is a small town located in Johnson County with a population of approximately 4,500 people. Despite its size, Edinburgh has a rich history that dates back to the early 19th century. Here are seven historical events that have taken place near Edinburgh:

1. The birthplace of James Whitcomb Riley
James Whitcomb Riley was an American poet who was born in Greenfield, Indiana on October 7, 1849. His family moved to Edinburgh when he was still a child, and the town has since celebrated its association with the famous poet. There is even an annual celebration that takes place in his honor, called the Riley Festival.

2. The Battle of Rockville
The Battle of Rockville was fought on July 19, 1863, during the American Civil War. Confederate cavalry under the command of Brigadier General John Hunt Morgan passed through Edinburgh and engaged Union forces in a skirmish in nearby Rockville. The battle resulted in a Union victory and helped to secure Indiana's position as a Union state during the war.

3. The Edinburgh Woolen Mill
In the early 1900s, Edinburgh was home to the Edinburgh Woolen Mill, which produced high-quality woolen goods. The mill employed hundreds of local residents and played an important role in the town's economy. Today, the former mill is a popular destination for antique shoppers.

4. The construction of Camp Atterbury
During World War II, the U.S. Army built Camp Atterbury just outside of Edinburgh. The camp served as a training ground for soldiers before they were sent overseas. Today, Camp Atterbury is still used by the military for training and is home to the Indiana National Guard.

5. The creation of Camp Williston
In the early 1900s, a group of African Americans purchased land near Edinburgh to build a summer camp. The camp, called Camp Williston, provided a safe space for African American families to gather and enjoy outdoor activities. The camp operated until the late 1960s and is now a historic site.

6. The establishment of Edinburgh College
Edinburgh College was founded in 1881 as a Baptist college. The school operated for several decades before closing in the 1930s due to financial difficulties. Today, the former college campus is home to several local businesses.

7. The Indiana Bacon Rebellion
In 1824, a group of residents in nearby Franklin, Indiana, rebelled against a new state tax on hogs. The rebellion quickly spread to other parts of the state and became known as the Indiana Bacon Rebellion. Although the rebellion was quickly put down, it highlighted the tensions between rural farmers and urban lawmakers in early 19th century Indiana.

In conclusion, Edinburgh, Indiana has a unique and varied history that dates back to the early days of the state. From the birth of a famous poet to battles fought during the Civil War, Edinburgh has played an important role in Indiana's history. Today, the town continues to honor its past while looking towards a bright future.
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