Glenwood, New Jersey, is a small town located in Sussex County that is rich in history. From battles to inventions, the region surrounding Glenwood has been a witness to numerous significant historical events throughout the years. Here are seven such events that have taken place near Glenwood, NJ:
1. The Battle of Minisink (1779):
During the American Revolutionary War, the Battle of Minisink occurred near the town of Glenwood. Led by Colonel Joseph Brant, a force of Loyalist and Native American warriors attacked American militia under the command of Colonel Benjamin Tusten. Although victorious, Brant's forces suffered heavy casualties and this battle became a symbol of bravery and sacrifice against the British forces.
2. Morris Canal Construction (1824-1831):
The Morris Canal was an innovative transportation system, stretching from Phillipsburg to Jersey City, which played a vital role in the industrial development of northern New Jersey. Glenwood was one of the locations where the canal was constructed. The canal facilitated the transportation of goods and raw materials, boosting the local economy and connecting trade routes across the state.
3. Founding of Edison General Electric (1889):
In nearby West Orange, New Jersey, Thomas Edison, the great inventor, established the Edison General Electric Company in 1889. While Glenwood is not directly involved, this event had a significant impact on the entire region. Edison General Electric later merged with Thomson-Houston Electric Company to become the iconic General Electric (GE) Corporation.
4. The Lafayette Escadrille (1916-1917):
During World War I, a group of American volunteer pilots known as The Lafayette Escadrille played a crucial role in air combat. One of the members of this unit was Raoul Lufbery, a French-American aviator. Born in Glenwood, Lufbery went on to become a legendary fighter pilot and one of the most decorated American service members of the war.
5. Sterling Hill Mine Fire (1897):
Located just a few miles from Glenwood, the Sterling Hill Mine experienced a disastrous fire in 1897. The underground fire burned for over a month, causing significant damage and putting the local mining industry at risk. The event led to the development of safety protocols and improved emergency response measures in the mining sector.
6. Construction of Lake Swartswood Dam (1931):
Lake Swartswood, situated close to Glenwood, is an artificial lake created by damming of the Paulins Kill River. The construction of the dam in 1931 provided electricity, flood control, and recreational opportunities for the region. It not only transformed the landscape but also became an important source of hydroelectric power in northern New Jersey.
7. Formation of the Appalachian National Scenic Trail (1923-1937):
Part of the famous Appalachian Trail passes near Glenwood. The creation of this iconic trail began in 1923, with its completion in 1937. The trail stretches over 2,000 miles and crosses 14 states. It serves as a popular route for hiking and backpacking enthusiasts, attracting thousands of visitors to the Glenwood area every year.
These seven historical events are just a glimpse into the diverse and fascinating history of the Glenwood, NJ, region. From battles fought during the Revolution to modern-day recreational opportunities, the area continues to evolve while honoring its past. So, the next time you find yourself in Glenwood, take a moment to appreciate the rich tapestry of history that surrounds this small town.
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