Located in Texas, Goliad is a small city with a rich history. Over the course of many years, it has witnessed a number of historical events that have significantly impacted the region. From battles and conflicts to the establishment of new towns, here are seven historical events that have taken place near Goliad, TX.
1. Goliad Massacre
The Goliad Massacre is perhaps the most infamous event in the city's history. It occurred during the Texas Revolution when more than 400 prisoners of war were executed by the Mexican Army, including Colonel James Fannin and his troops. It was a horrifying event that inspired many Texans to continue fighting for their independence from Mexico.
2. Battle of Coleto Creek
The Battle of Coleto Creek was fought in March 1836, between the Mexican Army and Texan forces led by Colonel James Fannin. The Texans were eventually defeated and captured, leading to the Goliad Massacre. However, this battle proved a crucial point in the Texas Revolution, demonstrating the Texan's willingness to fight despite being outnumbered.
3. Founding of the city of Goliad
Goliad was founded in 1749 by the Spanish Empire. The city was initially populated by Native American tribes and later became a hub for Spanish settlers. The city's name comes from the Spanish word, "Goliardo," meaning "profound." Today, Goliad is home to over 1,800 residents and is a popular tourist destination.
4. Battle of Refugio
The Battle of Refugio was fought between the Texan and Mexican Armies in March 1836, as part of the Texas Revolution. The battle resulted in the capture of Texan Colonel William Ward and his troops by the Mexicans.
5. Goliad Declaration of Independence
The Goliad Declaration of Independence was signed by Texan settlers in 1835. The document declared independence from the Mexican government and was an early step towards the Texas Revolution. Today, it is on display at the Presidio La Bahia museum.
6. Establishment of the Presidio La Bahia
The Presidio La Bahia was established by the Spanish in 1749 as a military fortress to protect its interests in the region. The fort has served a crucial role in Texas history, housing both Spanish and Mexican troops, as well as Texas soldiers during the Revolution.
7. Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed in February 1848, ending the Mexican-American War. The treaty resulted in Mexico ceding a large amount of its land to the United States, including parts of present-day Texas. This event would have a historic impact on the region for years to come.
In conclusion, Goliad, TX, has a rich and complex history, with countless events and battles that have shaped the region. From the founding of the city and the establishment of the Presidio La Bahia to the horrors of the Goliad Massacre, these seven historical events offer insight into how Goliad and Texas became the places they are today.
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