Greenland, New Hampshire, may be a small town, but it has a rich history. Located in Rockingham County, the town is surrounded by beautiful scenery and is home to several notable historical events.
1. The Pannaway Plantation: In the 1630s, the British colonial government granted a parcel of land in the area to Captain John Mason, who established the Pannaway Plantation. This event marks the beginning of European settlement in the region.
2. The Battle of Lamprey River: During the American Revolution, British troops under the command of General William Howe marched through Greenland and engaged in a battle with American forces on the Lamprey River in nearby Newmarket.
3. Greenland Academy: In 1832, the Greenland Academy was established, providing education to the children of the town until it disbanded in 1864.
4. New Hampshire Asylum for the Insane: In 1842, the New Hampshire legislature authorized the construction of a facility for the treatment of mentally ill patients. The Asylum was built on 500 acres of farmland in Greenland and opened its doors in 1845.
5. Greenland town hall: The town hall was built in 1895 and served as the center of town government until it was destroyed in a fire in 1938.
6. Henry Ford’s summer home: In 1916, automotive pioneer Henry Ford purchased 250 acres of land in Greenland, where he built a summer home. The home still stands and is now used as a retreat center.
7. Portsmouth International Airport at Pease: The former Pease Air Force Base, located in nearby Portsmouth, was converted into a civilian airport in the 1990s. The airport has become an important economic hub for the region, bringing business and tourism to Greenland and surrounding areas.
In conclusion, Greenland, New Hampshire, is a small town with a big history. From the colonial era to the present day, it has been the site of many significant events, and its residents take pride in the town’s role in shaping the region’s history.
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