Hanover, New Hampshire is a small town with a big history. Located in the Upper Valley region of the state, Hanover is home to Dartmouth College, one of the oldest and most prestigious universities in the United States. Over the years, Hanover and the surrounding area have been witness to some of the most significant events in American history. Here are seven historical events that have taken place near Hanover, NH.
1. The Revolutionary War - In 1777, the town of Hanover was a key location during the Revolutionary War. British forces attempted to capture Fort Ticonderoga, which was located on the Hudson River, and then proceed to capture Colonial supply depots in New Hampshire. The British army was ultimately defeated in the Battle of Bennington, which took place just a few miles from Hanover.
2. The Birth of Dartmouth College - On October 27, 1769, Eleazar Wheelock founded Dartmouth College, which was originally established to educate Native American youth. The college is now one of the nation's top Ivy League institutions, with a rich history of academic achievement and innovation.
3. The American Civil War - During the American Civil War, Hanover served as a recruitment center for soldiers. Many local men joined the Union Army and fought in some of the bloodiest battles of the war, including Gettysburg and Antietam.
4. The White Mountains - In the 19th century, Hanover and the surrounding area became a popular destination for tourists who were drawn to the natural beauty of the White Mountains. Visitors could hike, fish, and hunt in the mountains, which soon became a popular spot for summer cottages and luxury hotels.
5. The Women's Suffrage Movement - In the early 20th century, the women's suffrage movement had a strong presence in New Hampshire. Women's rights advocates, including Mary Baker Eddy (founder of Christian Science) and Suffragette activist Alice Paul, often traveled to the area to promote their cause. In 1920, the 19th Amendment was ratified, giving women the right to vote.
6. The Cold War - During the Cold War, Hanover was home to several nuclear research facilities, including the Brookhaven National Laboratory and the Cyclotron Institute. These facilities were instrumental in developing technology that would help the United States win the Cold War.
7. The Lebanon Murders - In 2000, the town of Lebanon (just a few miles from Hanover) was the site of a series of murders committed by two white supremacists. The case gained national attention and is still remembered as one of the most shocking crimes of the new millennium.
In conclusion, Hanover, New Hampshire, and the surrounding area have played a significant role in American history. From the Revolutionary War to the Cold War and beyond, this small town has been at the center of some of the most important events in our nation's history. Whether you're a history buff or just a curious tourist, there's no shortage of fascinating stories to explore in Hanover and the Upper Valley.
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