Harrington, ME, is a small town in Washington County, located on the coast of the state of Maine. Despite its small size, Harrington has a rich history that dates back centuries. The town has been the site of several important historical events that have shaped the area and played a significant role in state and national history. In this article, we will explore seven of the most significant historical events that have taken place near Harrington, ME.
1. The Arrival of Europeans to Maine
Europeans first arrived in the area in the early 17th century. In 1604, the French explorer Samuel de Champlain sailed along the coast of Maine, including the area that is now Harrington. The first permanent settlement in Maine was established in 1607 at Popham Colony, which was located near present-day Bath.
2. The King Philip's War
In 1675-76, King Philip's War broke out between the Wampanoag and the English colonists in New England. The war was fought over land disputes and other trade issues. The conflict spread to Maine, where the Wabanaki nation allied with the French to fight against the English. The war ended with the defeat of King Philip and the Wampanoag, and the signing of the Treaty of Casco in 1678.
3. The American Revolution
The American Revolution (1775-1783) marked a turning point in American history. Mainers played a significant role in the war effort contributing to the Continental Army and the Continental Navy. In 1779, the British army led a raid on Castine, a town just east of Harrington, capturing the town and occupying it for three years.
4. The War of 1812
The War of 1812 was a military conflict between the United States and Great Britain that lasted from 1812 to 1815. During this time, British forces maintained a blockade of the American coast, impacting the economy of Maine's coastal towns. American naval hero Stephen Decatur led a successful raid on Hampden, Maine, in 1814, which helped to turn the tide of the war in favor of the United States.
5. The Civil War
During the Civil War (1861-1865), Mainers played a significant role in the Union Army. The 20th Maine Infantry Regiment, led by Colonel Joshua Chamberlain, played a critical role in the Battle of Gettysburg. The regiment's stand on Little Round Top is regarded as one of the most decisive moments in the battle and the war itself.
6. The Great Fire of 1947
On October 17, 1947, a massive wildfire swept across the state of Maine. The fire devastated the towns of Bar Harbor, Ellsworth, and parts of the surrounding areas, including Harrington. More than two hundred thousand acres were destroyed, and the loss of life and property was catastrophic.
7. The Cold War
During the Cold War, the United States government built a secret, underground bunker in the woods outside Harrington. The bunker, known as the "Site R" or "Raven Rock," was supposed to serve as an emergency shelter for the president and other top government officials in the event of a nuclear war. The bunker was never put to use and is now an abandoned facility.
In conclusion, Harrington, ME, is a town rich in history, with significant events occurring throughout its past. From the arrival of Europeans to the construction of a secret bunker, Harrington's past is filled with fascinating stories that continue to intrigue historians and visitors alike. These events have helped shape both the state of Maine and the United States as a whole, and they serve as a reminder of the importance of preserving history for future generations.
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