Harrison, Arkansas is a city with a rich and fascinating history. Here are seven historical events that have taken place near Harrison.
1. Ozark Mountains Homestead Act of 1862
One of the most significant historical events that took place near Harrison was the granting of land to homesteaders under the Homestead Act of 1862. The Ozark Mountains Homestead Act gave 160 acres of land to anyone who would live on and improve the land for at least five years. Many settlers in the Harrison area took advantage of this offer, leading to the growth of the city and surrounding areas.
2. Battle of Pea Ridge
The Battle of Pea Ridge, fought in 1862 near Harrison, was one of the most important battles of the Civil War in the Trans-Mississippi Theater. Union troops under the command of General Samuel R. Curtis defeated Confederate troops under General Earl Van Dorn, securing Missouri for the Union and pushing the Confederate Army back into Arkansas.
3. The Great Train Robbery of 1922
In 1922, a group of robbers known as the Newton Boys perpetrated what was then the largest train robbery in history near Harrison. The robbers stole more than $3 million in cash, bonds, and jewelry from a mail train.
4. The Boone County War
From 1904 to 1908, the region around Harrison was the site of a bitter and violent conflict between the families of Sheriff Frank Baker and King Fisher. The Boone County War, as it came to be known, was a result of political and economic tensions between the two factions. The conflict resulted in multiple killings and led to the eventual downfall of the Baker family.
5. The dogpatch USA amusement park
In 1968, the popular Li'l Abner comic strip was turned into an amusement park near Harrison. Dogpatch USA was a popular destination for families throughout the 1970s and 1980s, but it eventually fell on hard times and closed in 1993.
6. The founding of the Harrison Daily Times
The Harrison Daily Times has been the local paper for the area since it was founded in 1914. The newspaper has been an important source of news and information for the region for more than a century.
7. Arkansas Women's History Institute
The Arkansas Women's History Institute, located near Harrison, was established in 1986. The institute is a research and education center dedicated to promoting the achievements and contributions of women throughout Arkansas's history.
In conclusion, Harrison, Arkansas, has a rich and varied history with many significant events taking place in and around the region. From Civil War battles to the founding of a major newspaper, the city has played a vital role in the development of the state of Arkansas.
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