Hillsboro, Missouri has a rich history that dates back to the early 1800s. Many notable historical events have taken place in and around Hillsboro over the years, including those that have had significant impacts on the region and the country as a whole. Here are seven historical events that have taken place near Hillsboro, MO.
1. The Battle of Pilot Knob
In 1864, during the Civil War, the Union forces under the command of Brigadier General Thomas Ewing fought against the Confederate forces under Major-General Sterling Price at Pilot Knob. The Union forces were able to hold their position, and the Confederate army was forced to retreat. This battle was significant because it helped to prevent the Confederacy from gaining control of Missouri.
2. The Great Cyclone of 1896
On May 27, 1896, a severe tornado swept through Hillsboro and the surrounding area, causing significant damage and loss of life. The tornado was estimated to have been an F4 on the Fujita scale, with winds of up to 260 miles per hour. The storm killed 36 people and injured over 100 more.
3. The First County Fair
In 1854, the first Jefferson County Fair was held near Hillsboro, making it the oldest county fair in Missouri. The fair has become a beloved annual event that brings together people from across the region to celebrate agriculture, crafts, and community.
4. The Lewis and Clark Expedition
In 1804, the Lewis and Clark Expedition passed through the area that is now Hillsboro on their journey westward. The explorers left St. Charles, Missouri, and traveled up the Missouri River, passing through the western part of Jefferson County on their way to the Pacific Ocean.
5. The Ku Klux Klan
In the early 1900s, the Ku Klux Klan had a significant presence in Jefferson County. The organization was responsible for numerous acts of violence and intimidation against African Americans, Catholics, and Jews in the area. The Klan's power in the region eventually waned, but its legacy of hate and bigotry still reverberates today.
6. The Battle of Kimmswick
In 1861, during the Civil War, a group of Union soldiers under the command of Colonel John McNeil defeated a Confederate force led by Captain John T. Coffee at Kimmswick, near Hillsboro. The battle was significant because it helped to secure Union control of eastern Missouri.
7. The Establishment of the Missouri-Pacific Railroad
In 1852, the Missouri-Pacific Railroad was established, with a line that passed through Hillsboro. The railroad helped to connect the region to the rest of the country, providing a vital transportation link for both people and goods. The railroad also played a significant role in the development of the area's economy and industry.
In conclusion, Hillsboro, Missouri has been witness to a number of significant historical events that have shaped the region and the country. From battles fought during the Civil War to the establishment of the Missouri-Pacific Railroad, these events have had a lasting impact on the lives of those who call Hillsboro home. By understanding and honoring the past, we can continue to build a better, more connected community for the future.
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