Jewell, Oregon, is a small town with a rich history that dates back to the early 1800s. Located near the Saddle Mountain in the Coast Range of Oregon, Jewell has been a witness to many historical events that have shaped the state and the country. Here are seven of the most significant historical events that took place near Jewell.
1. Lewis and Clark Expedition
One of the earliest historical events to take place near Jewell was the Lewis and Clark Expedition. In 1805, the expedition led by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark traveled along the Columbia River, which runs near Jewell. They camped in the area and explored the nearby forests and mountains, documenting the flora and fauna of the region.
2. Oregon Trail
The Oregon Trail was an important route for pioneers traveling westward to Oregon during the mid-1800s. The trail passed through what is now Jewell, and many settlers camped in the area before continuing their journey. Today, visitors can still see wagon ruts and other remnants of the trail in the nearby forests.
3. Garibaldi and Nehalem Bay Railway
The Garibaldi and Nehalem Bay Railway was a narrow-gauge railway that operated near Jewell from 1912 to 1946. The railway transported logs from the forests to mills and shipping ports on the coast. Today, parts of the old railway have been preserved as a historical landmark.
4. Tillamook Burn
The Tillamook Burn was a series of forest fires that occurred between 1933 and 1951 in the Coast Range near Jewell. The fires destroyed thousands of acres of forest, but also led to the creation of a reforestation program that still exists today.
5. Blue Lake and Trask River Floods
In 1964, a massive storm caused the Blue Lake Dam to fail, leading to flooding in the Jewell area. The Trask River also flooded, causing significant damage to nearby towns. The floods devastated the region, but also led to the creation of new flood control measures.
6. Tillamook Air Museum
The Tillamook Air Museum, located near Jewell, was originally built during World War II as a naval air station. Today, the museum houses a collection of vintage aircraft and is one of the largest wooden structures in the world.
7. Timber Industry
Throughout the 20th century, the timber industry played a significant role in the Jewell area. Many towns and communities were established to support the industry, and the region was home to several large logging camps and sawmills. Although the timber industry has declined in recent years, it remains an important part of the region's history.
These seven historical events are just a few of the many that have taken place near Jewell, Oregon. From Lewis and Clark to the present day, the area has been witness to the many changes and developments that have shaped our nation's history. Whether you're a history buff or simply interested in learning more about this fascinating region, Jewell is a great place to explore.
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