Joppa, Illinois, is a small town in Massac County that has a rich history dating back to the 19th century. The town has seen many events that changed its course and left an indelible mark on its history. Here are seven such events that have taken place near Joppa, Illinois.
1. The New Madrid Earthquake of 1811-12: The New Madrid earthquake was a series of powerful earthquakes that occurred between December 1811 and February 1812 in Missouri. The earthquake was felt as far away as Joppa, Illinois. It caused the Mississippi River to flow backward, created new lakes, and caused severe damage to many cities along the Mississippi River, including Joppa.
2. The Civil War: In 1861, when the American Civil War began, many residents of Joppa went to fight for the Confederate States of America. The town was also part of the Underground Railroad, a network of secret routes and safe houses used by slaves to escape to freedom in the North.
3. The Mine Wars: Between 1898 and 1900, the Illinois Coal Wars took place, which saw Joppa become one of the major battlegrounds. The conflict between organized labor and the mining companies resulted in violent clashes, strikes, and protests.
4. The Flood of 1937: In 1937, the Ohio River experienced a massive flood, which resulted in severe flooding in the town of Joppa. Many were evacuated and they were forced to relocate.
5. The Ku Klux Klan: The Ku Klux Klan had a significant presence in Joppa and Massac County during the early 20th century. Members of the Klan carried out acts of violence and intimidation against African Americans, Catholics and Jews.
6. The Great Migration: The Great Migration was a period of time when many African Americans moved from the South to the urban North in search of better economic opportunities. Many of those who migrated came from Mississippi and settled in Joppa and the surrounding areas.
7. The Atomic Age: Between 1942 and 1962, the United States conducted more than 1,000 nuclear tests at the Nevada Test Site. Joppa, being in close proximity to the site, was exposed to the radioactive fallout from these tests. This exposure led to elevated cancer rates in communities surrounding the site, including Joppa.
In conclusion, Joppa, Illinois, has a rich history that is full of major events that have had a lasting impact on the community. From earthquakes, to the Civil War and the Atomic Age, the town has seen it all. Understanding these events is crucial to understanding the town and its roots, including the struggles and the triumphs of the people who called Joppa home.
- Tags: IL