Junction City, Ohio, may be a small village in Perry County, but it has played an important role in the state's history. Over the years, various events have taken place near this tiny town that have had a profound impact on the region, the state, and even the country. Here are seven historical events that have taken place near Junction City, Ohio.
1. The construction of the Ohio and Erie Canal
One of the most prominent historical events near Junction City is the construction of the Ohio and Erie Canal. In the early 19th century, the canal was built to connect Lake Erie to the Ohio River. Junction City was located at the intersection of the Ohio and Erie Canal and the Muskingum River, making it a crucial hub for transportation and commerce in the area.
2. The birth of Ohio State University
In 1870, the Ohio General Assembly passed a bill establishing Ohio State University. While the university is located in Columbus, its beginnings can be traced back to the Morrill Act of 1862, which granted land to states to establish colleges focused on agriculture and mechanics. The land for Ohio State University was purchased from the United States government, and a portion of that land was located near Junction City.
3. The formation of the Buckeye State Mutual Insurance Company
Another important historical event near Junction City occurred in 1879 when the Buckeye State Mutual Insurance Company was founded. The company was established to provide insurance protection to Ohio farmers, and it quickly became one of the largest agricultural mutual insurance companies in the country. Today, the Buckeye State Mutual Insurance Company is still headquartered in Junction City.
4. The construction of the Conesville Coal Plant
The Conesville Coal Plant is a large coal-fired power plant located near Junction City that was built in the 1970s. The plant has been the center of controversy over the years due to its environmental impact and air pollution. However, it has also played a crucial role in providing energy to Ohio and other states in the region.
5. The birthplace of General John Hunt Morgan
General John Hunt Morgan was a Confederate cavalry commander during the Civil War who was born in Huntsville, about six miles from Junction City. Morgan was known for his raids on Union forces and for his daring escapes from Union prisons. His legacy is still celebrated in the area, and a historical marker commemorating his birthplace can be found in Huntsville.
6. The founding of Hocking Valley Coal Company
The Hocking Valley Coal Company was founded in 1867 and quickly became one of the largest coal mining companies in Ohio. The company had mines near Junction City and played a significant role in the development of the local economy. Today, the Hocking Valley Coal Company is no longer in operation, but its impact on the region is still felt.
7. The construction of Kent State University Tuscarawas Campus
In 1963, Kent State University established a branch campus in New Philadelphia, about 30 miles from Junction City. The Tuscarawas Campus became a full-fledged university in 1968 and has since grown to become an important educational institution in the state. The university offers undergraduate and graduate degrees in a variety of fields and has been recognized for its innovative programs and research.
In conclusion, Junction City, Ohio, may be a small village, but it has a rich history that is intertwined with the state's development. From the construction of the Ohio and Erie Canal to the birthplace of General John Hunt Morgan, Junction City has been a witness to several key historical events that have shaped the state and the country. Today, Junction City continues to play a crucial role in Ohio's economy and culture, and its history is a testament to the resilience and ingenuity of its people.
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