Junction, Illinois is a small rural town located in Hamilton County. Despite its small size, Junction has been the site of several significant historical events throughout the years. Here are seven notable events that have taken place near Junction, Illinois:
1. Battle of Griersburg – On August 8, 1782, during the American Revolution, a group of Native American warriors, led by Chief Joseph Brant, attacked a settlement located near present-day Junction. The settlers were able to defend themselves and ultimately drove off the attackers, resulting in a critical American victory.
2. Founding of Carbondale – On March 27, 1852, a group of 14 men gathered in Junction to plan the creation of a new city in nearby Jackson County. That became Carbondale the following year, which centered around the development of the Illinois Central Railroad.
3. The Underground Railroad – In the years leading up to the Civil War, several safe houses and secret routes were established throughout Southern Illinois as part of the Underground Railroad, which helped enslaved people escape to freedom. There were various stations throughout the area, including near Junction.
4. The Civil War – Visitors to Junction can still find several historical markers and monuments that document the town's role in the Civil War. In 1863, several battles and skirmishes took place nearby, including the Battle of Vicksburg, which was critical in helping the Union win the war.
5. The Coal Industry – Hamilton County was once known as the largest coal-producing county in Illinois. The coal industry played a significant role in the region's economy for many years, and Junction was one of the many towns in the area that benefited from coal mining.
6. The Shelton Brothers Gang – In the early 20th century, Junction was briefly home to the notorious Shelton Brothers Gang, a group of outlaws who terrorized much of the Midwest during the 1920s and 1930s. The gang operated out of a brothel near town, which is now a national historical site.
7. The Shawnee National Forest – In the early 1930s, the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) established several camps in Southern Illinois, one of which was located near Junction. The CCC worked to build trails, plant trees, and perform other conservation projects in the area, ultimately leading to the establishment of the Shawnee National Forest.
In conclusion, Junction, Illinois has a rich history that spans several centuries. These seven events are just a few examples of the important and notable events that have taken place near the town. Those interested in history, culture, and the preservation of our country's past will find endless learning opportunities in the area.
- Tags: IL