Maplewood, New Jersey is a small town located in Essex County that has a rich and interesting history. From important battles to influential figures in American history, there are several historical events that have taken place near Maplewood. Here are just seven of them.
1. The Battle of Springfield
The Battle of Springfield was a significant moment in the Revolutionary War that took place less than five miles from Maplewood on June 23, 1780. The battle saw General Henry Clinton lead a British force into New Jersey to try and capture General George Washington’s army. However, the British were defeated by a small American force commanded by Wilhelm von Knyphausen.
2. The Essex County Courthouse Riot
On June 28, 1830, the town of Newark, which is just a few miles from Maplewood, experienced one of the deadliest riots in American history. The Essex County Courthouse Riot was started by Irish immigrants who were protesting against the jury selection process that they felt was rigged against them. The protest turned violent, and several people were killed as a result.
3. The Morristown National Historical Park
Located less than 20 miles from Maplewood is the Morristown National Historical Park. During the Revolutionary War, this park served as George Washington’s winter headquarters during the harsh winter of 1779-1780. The park now serves as a place for visitors to learn about American history and take in the scenic beauty of the area.
4. The Newark Race Riots
In July 1967, Newark, which is just a few miles from Maplewood, experienced a series of race riots that lasted for several days. The riots were sparked by a confrontation between an African American man and several police officers. The riots led to several deaths and thousands of arrests.
5. The Edison National Historic Site
The Edison National Historic Site is located about 15 miles from Maplewood and is the former home of inventor Thomas Edison. Visitors to the site can tour Edison’s laboratory and the room in which he developed his most famous invention, the light bulb.
6. The Women’s Suffrage Movement
Several suffragette rallies and meetings took place in Newark in the years leading up to the passage of the 19th Amendment, which gave women the right to vote. Women like Alice Paul and Elizabeth Cady Stanton were instrumental in the effort to secure women’s voting rights, and their work helped shape the course of American history.
7. The Essex-Hudson Greenway
The Essex-Hudson Greenway is a network of trails and parks that stretches from Jersey City to Montclair and includes several parks and nature preserves along the way. The greenway offers visitors a chance to explore the natural beauty of the area while also learning about its history and culture.
In conclusion, while Maplewood, NJ may be a small town, it has played a significant role in American history. With its close proximity to several historical sites, visitors to Maplewood can learn about and experience firsthand the events and people that have shaped our nation.
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