Marietta, Georgia is a city that is steeped in history, with a proud and storied past that spans centuries. From the days of Native American settlements to the Civil War, Marietta has seen it all. Here are 7 historical events that have taken place near Marietta.
1. Removal of the Cherokee Indians
In 1838 and 1839, the U.S. government forcibly removed the Cherokee Indians from their homeland in Georgia and relocated them to Oklahoma. This event is known as the Trail of Tears, and it passed through Marietta, where the Cherokee were held in stockades before the journey westward.
2. Civil War Battle of Marietta
During the Civil War, Marietta was an important city for both the Union and Confederate forces. The Battle of Marietta took place on June 27, 1864, as part of General William T. Sherman's Atlanta Campaign. Union forces, commanded by Major General George H. Thomas, fought against Confederate forces, commanded by General Joseph E. Johnston. The battle was a Union victory, and it led to the eventual fall of Atlanta.
3. Marietta National Cemetery
Following the Civil War, Marietta became the location of one of the first national cemeteries in the United States. In 1866, the cemetery was established to honor the Union soldiers who died during the Atlanta Campaign. Today, the cemetery contains the graves of more than 18,000 veterans from multiple wars.
4. Great Locomotive Chase
On April 12, 1862, a group of Union soldiers led by James J. Andrews embarked on a daring mission to steal a Confederate train and destroy the Western and Atlantic Railroad tracks. The chase began in Marietta and ended in Chattanooga, Tennessee, and it is famously known as the Great Locomotive Chase.
5. Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park
Kennesaw Mountain, located just a few miles north of Marietta, was the site of a major Civil War battle on June 27, 1864. The battle was part of the Atlanta Campaign, and it was fought between Union and Confederate forces. Today, Kennesaw Mountain is a National Battlefield Park that commemorates the battle and the soldiers who fought there.
6. Big Chicken
The Big Chicken is a Marietta landmark that has become synonymous with the city. It is a 56-foot-tall metal chicken statue that was built in 1963 to mark the opening of a local Kentucky Fried Chicken restaurant. While not a historical event, the Big Chicken has become a beloved symbol of Marietta.
7. Marietta Streetcar Disaster
On July 15, 1900, a horrific streetcar accident took place on the corner of Church Street and Cherokee Street in Marietta. The streetcar, carrying passengers to a picnic, lost control and crashed into a house, killing 39 people and injuring dozens more. It remains one of the deadliest public transportation accidents in U.S. history.
In conclusion, Marietta, Georgia is a city with a rich and fascinating history that has seen its share of significant events. From the Trail of Tears to the Civil War battles, to the establishment of the Marietta National Cemetery, these events have helped shape the city into what it is today.
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