Marietta, OH is a small town located in southeastern Ohio. Despite its small size, Marietta has a rich history that spans hundreds of years. Over the years, this charming town nestled on the banks of the Ohio River has seen its fair share of historical events. Here are seven historical events that have taken place near Marietta, OH.
1. First Permanent Settlement in Ohio
In 1788, Marietta became the first permanent settlement in Ohio. A group of pioneers from New England, led by Revolutionary War General Rufus Putnam, settled in the area and established a community they called Newbury. The settlement later became known as Marietta, in honor of Queen Marie Antoinette of France.
2. The Battle of Point Pleasant
The Battle of Point Pleasant, which took place in 1774 near Marietta, was the first major battle of the American Revolution. Virginia militiamen, under the command of Colonel Andrew Lewis, defeated an army of Native Americans led by Shawnee chief Cornstalk. The battle paved the way for the westward expansion of the American colonies.
3. The Underground Railroad
Marietta was an important stop on the Underground Railroad, a network of secret routes and safe houses used by slaves to escape to freedom in the North. Several homes in Marietta, including the Rufus Putnam House, served as stations on the Underground Railroad. The Ohio River, which forms the border between Ohio and West Virginia, was a key crossing point for escaped slaves.
4. The Battle of Buffington Island
The Battle of Buffington Island, which took place in 1863 near Marietta, was one of the few Civil War battles fought in Ohio. Union troops, under the command of General Ambrose Burnside, defeated a Confederate force led by General John Hunt Morgan. The battle was significant because it helped to prevent the Confederate Army from invading Ohio.
5. The Marietta Earthworks
The Marietta Earthworks are a series of ancient Native American mounds and earthworks located on the outskirts of Marietta. The earthworks were built by the Hopewell culture between 100 BC and 500 AD. The largest of the earthworks, known as the Conus Mound, is over 30 feet high and 180 feet in diameter.
6. The Blennerhassett Island Incident
The Blennerhassett Island Incident, which took place in 1806 near Marietta, was a failed attempt by Aaron Burr to establish an independent nation in the western United States. Burr, who had served as Vice President under Thomas Jefferson, conspired with Harman Blennerhassett, a wealthy plantation owner, to raise an army and seize control of the Mississippi River valley. The plot was uncovered by authorities, and Burr was arrested and tried for treason.
7. The Oil Boom
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Marietta was at the center of Ohio's oil boom. The town was home to several oil refineries and drilling operations, and it became a hub for the transportation of oil and natural gas. Marietta's oil industry helped to fuel the growth of the town and surrounding areas, and it played a significant role in the industrialization of Ohio.
In conclusion, Marietta, OH has a rich history that spans hundreds of years. The town has been witness to several significant events that have shaped the course of American history. Whether it's the first permanent settlement in Ohio or the failed attempt by Aaron Burr to establish an independent nation, Marietta continues to hold its place in the history books.
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