Marshfield, Massachusetts is a coastal town located in Plymouth County with a rich history that dates back to the early days of the United States. From its role in the American Revolution to its participation in the Underground Railroad, Marshfield is steeped in historical events that have helped shape the nation. Here are seven historical events that have taken place near Marshfield, MA:
1. The Wampanoag Tribe: The Wampanoag tribe inhabited the land now known as Marshfield for centuries before the arrival of the Europeans. They were expert farmers and fishermen who traded with other tribes to create a bustling economy. However, the arrival of the Europeans changed everything. The Wampanoag tribe was devastated by diseases brought by the Europeans, which killed many of their people, and their land was seized by the colonists.
2. The Pilgrims: The Pilgrims first landed in Plymouth, near Marshfield, in 1620. They were fleeing religious persecution in England and were seeking a new place to call home. The Pilgrims faced many challenges during their first year in the New World, but eventually, they established a settlement that would grow into the Plymouth Colony.
3. The American Revolution: The American Revolution had a significant impact on Marshfield. Many of its citizens were passionate about the cause of liberty and fought in the war. The town was also the site of several military engagements between the British and the Patriot forces. One of the most notable clashes was the Battle of Marshfield, which took place on September 19, 1778. This battle was part of the larger Battle of Rhode Island, which was a failed attempt by the British to capture Newport, Rhode Island.
4. The Boston and Sandwich Glass Company: In the 19th century, the Boston and Sandwich Glass Company was one of the largest and most successful glass manufacturers in the United States. The company was founded in 1825 and located its main factory in Sandwich, Massachusetts, which was near Marshfield. The company produced a wide variety of glass products, including bottles, jars, and windows.
5. The Duxbury Rural Society: The Duxbury Rural Society was founded in 1883 and was one of the first organizations dedicated to preserving the history and culture of rural New England. The society established a museum in 1903, which was located in the Nathaniel Winsor Jr. House in Marshfield. The museum featured a wide range of artifacts, including antique furniture, clothing, farm tools, and more.
6. The Great Hurricane of 1938: On September 21, 1938, one of the most devastating hurricanes in US history struck New England. The storm caused extensive damage to homes, businesses, and infrastructure throughout the region. Marshfield was hit hard by the hurricane, with many homes and businesses destroyed or severely damaged.
7. The Underground Railroad: The Underground Railroad was a network of secret routes and safe houses used by slaves in the 19th century to escape to freedom. Marshfield was a waypoint on the Underground Railroad, and several abolitionists lived in the area, including the famous author and critic Wendell Phillips. These individuals risked their lives to help escaping slaves by providing food, shelter, and transportation to safe houses.
In conclusion, Marshfield, Massachusetts has a rich history that spans centuries. From the early days of the Wampanoag tribe to the Underground Railroad, Marshfield has played a significant role in shaping the United States. By learning about these historical events, we can gain a deeper appreciation for the people and events that have inspired change and progress in our country.
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