Midway, Missouri is a small town with a history that goes back over a century. Its location near the Missouri River and booming capital city of Jefferson City make it an important location within the state. Throughout its history, Midway has been the site of numerous significant events that have shaped the history of the state and even the nation. Here are seven of those historical events.
1. Civil War Skirmish at Glasgow (October 1864): This battle took place just 10 miles east of Midway when Union soldiers ambushed Confederate troops near the town of Glasgow. The Union forces, led by Maj. Gen. Samuel R. Curtis, successfully repelled the Confederate attack and pushed them east towards the Mississippi River.
2. Missouri State Penitentiary Riot (September 1954): The Missouri State Penitentiary was located just a few miles south of Midway in Jefferson City. In 1954, the prison experienced a riot that lasted for three long days. Six inmates died during the riot, and the entire prison was destroyed.
3. Missouri State Capitol Building Fire (February 1911): The Missouri State Capitol Building in Jefferson City caught fire and burned down in 1911. The fire caused more than $5 million in damage and led to the construction of the current Capitol Building.
4. Katy Railroad Train Wreck (August 1895): The Missouri–Kansas–Texas Railroad, often referred to as the Katy, suffered a catastrophic train accident near Midway in 1895. The accident was caused by a bridge that had been damaged by heavy rains. Many passengers were injured, and several died as a result of the crash.
5. Mark Twain's Missouri River Steamboat Piloting Days (1858–1861): Midway sits along the banks of the Missouri River, and the famous author Mark Twain spent three years of his life as a steamboat pilot on the river. Twain's experiences on the river would later influence his writing and become the basis for some of his most famous works.
6. Lewis and Clark Expedition Stop (May 1804): The Lewis and Clark Expedition stopped at present-day Midway in May of 1804 while on their journey to explore the Louisiana Purchase. The expedition camped near the Missouri River for two nights before continuing westward.
7. Vote for Women Campaign (1916): Women's suffrage was a major issue in early 20th century America, and many women fought tirelessly for the right to vote. In 1916, a group of suffragists led by Missouri native Laura E. Gregg traveled across the state of Missouri to campaign for the right to vote. The group gave speeches and held rallies in several locations, including Midway.
In conclusion, these seven historical events near Midway, Missouri, have had a significant impact on the state and the nation. From Civil War battles to state Capitol fires to women's suffrage campaigns, Midway has played a pivotal role in shaping American history. Today, Midway remains a vital part of Missouri's past and present, and its many important landmarks continue to attract visitors from all over the country.
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