Mount Vernon, Ohio, is a small city in Knox County that has a rich history dating back hundreds of years. Many significant historical events have taken place near this city, including battles, discoveries, and discoveries that have helped shape the nation. In this article, we will be discussing seven of the most notable events that have taken place near Mount Vernon, Ohio.
1. Native American Settlements
Before European settlers arrived in North America, the region around Mount Vernon, Ohio, was occupied by various Native American tribes. Archaeological evidence suggests that these tribes were likely members of the Adena and Hopewell cultures, which used the area for hunting, fishing, and crop cultivation.
2. The Battle of Gravelly Run
During the American Civil War, Union troops clashed with Confederate forces near Mount Vernon in what became known as the Battle of Gravelly Run. This battle was fought on March 31, 1865, and was one of the last major engagements in the Petersburg campaign. Although the fighting was brief, it proved to be a significant victory for the Union army, which helped end the war.
3. The Discovery of Oil
Nearby Knox County was one of the first regions in the United States to discover oil in the early 1800s. Oil drilling operations in the area began in the 1880s and helped fuel the nation's industrial expansion. Today, there is still some active drilling in and around Mount Vernon.
4. The Wright Brothers' First Aerial Exhibition
Orville and Wilbur Wright, two of the most famous aviation pioneers in history, conducted their first aerial exhibition in nearby Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina, on December 17, 1903. They flew their homemade airplane for 120 feet, marking the first successful, controlled, powered flight in history, which paved the way for modern aviation.
5. The Apollo 11 Moon Landing
On July 20, 1969, the United States achieved one of humanity's greatest accomplishments when astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin landed on the moon. The lunar module in which the two astronauts landed, Eagle, was built by the Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation, a division of Northrop Grumman that had a facility near Mount Vernon.
6. The American Indian Movement
In the 1960s, a civil rights group called the American Indian Movement (AIM) was formed to fight for the rights of Native Americans. AIM gained national attention in 1972 when its members staged a protest at the Bureau of Indian Affairs building in Washington, D.C., and took over the building for several days. The founder of AIM, Clyde Bellecourt, was born and raised near Mount Vernon.
7. The Wilds Wildlife Conservation Center
The Wilds is a 10,000-acre animal conservation center located near Mount Vernon that was founded in 1984. It is home to rare and endangered species from around the world, including cheetahs, giraffes, and rhinos. The Wilds also serves as a research center and has contributed greatly to conservation efforts worldwide.
In conclusion, Mount Vernon, Ohio, is a city steeped in history, with numerous significant events having taken place in and around the area. From native settlements to the Apollo 11 moon landing, these events have shaped not just the history of Knox County but that of the entire United States.
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