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7 Pieces Of History Near Newark, OH

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Newark, Ohio is a city rich in history, having been home to a number of significant events that have shaped the course of American history. Here are 7 such historical events that have taken place near Newark, Ohio:

1. Hopewell Culture National Historical Park

Located just outside Newark, Ohio lies the Hopewell Culture National Historical Park, a site dedicated to preserving the history of the Hopewell culture, which thrived in the region between 100 BCE and 500 CE. This complex society was characterized by impressive agricultural practices, complex trade networks, and sophisticated art and architecture. The park offers visitors a chance to marvel at the Hopewell's impressive earthworks, which include massive mounds and geometric earthwork designs.

2. Revolutionary War Skirmish at Raccoon Creek

In June of 1778, a skirmish took place between American and British forces along Raccoon Creek, located just outside of Newark. This event was part of a larger campaign waged by the British in the Ohio Valley during the Revolutionary War. The Americans, led by General Lachlan McIntosh, were able to repel the British attack, further securing their hold on the Ohio Valley.

3. The Ohio and Erie Canal

In the early 19th century, the Ohio and Erie Canal was built in order to connect the Great Lakes region to the Ohio River. Newark, Ohio played an important role in the construction of the canal, with a number of important engineering and construction projects taking place in the city. Today, visitors can explore the historic canal and its locks, which have been preserved as part of the Ohio and Erie Canalway National Heritage Area.

4. The Underground Railroad

As a city situated at the crossroads of major transportation routes, Newark, Ohio played an important role in the Underground Railroad, a network of secret routes and safe houses used by American slaves to escape to freedom in the North. While evidence of the Underground Railroad in Newark is sparse, historians believe that the city was a stopping point for many fugitive slaves as they made their way northward.

5. The Great Flood of 1913

One of the most devastating floods in American history, the Great Flood of 1913 left much of Ohio underwater. Newark was hit particularly hard by the flood, with many homes and businesses being destroyed. The disaster led to major reforms in flood control and infrastructure, and ultimately helped to shape the course of urban development in the region.

6. The Works Progress Administration

During the Great Depression, the Works Progress Administration (WPA) was established in order to put Americans back to work on public projects. In Newark, the WPA funded the construction of a number of public infrastructure projects, including parks, roads, and bridges. Many of these projects are still in use today, and stand as a testament to the enduring legacy of the WPA.

7. The Newark Earthworks

The Newark Earthworks are a complex system of geometric earthworks constructed by the Hopewell culture over 2,000 years ago. The earthworks are notable for their precise geometric designs, and are believed to have functioned as astronomical observatories, calendars, and ceremonial spaces. They are among the most impressive archaeological sites in North America, and have been recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage site.
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