Newcastle, TX is a small town located in Young County, Texas. Despite its size, it has played a significant role in the history of Texas. From civil wars to famous outlaw raids, Newcastle has witnessed many historical events that have shaped the state and the nation. Here are 7 historical events that have taken place near Newcastle, TX.
1. The Battle of Dove Creek (January 8, 1865)
During the American Civil War era, Native American tribes in Texas aligned themselves with Confederates who had settled in the region. Union Army troops attacked the tribes at the Battle of Dove Creek in present-day Tom Green County. The event was a surprise attack by Union forces and resulted in nearly 130 Native American deaths.
2. The Great Western Cattle Trail (1866-1890s)
The Great Western Cattle Trail began near Brownsville, TX and passed through Newcastle, TX. The trail was the major path for cattle drives heading north from Texas to the Midwest. It was also the path for rustlers and bandits. It is said that Jesse James and his gang once rustled a herd near Newcastle.
3. The Dalton Gang Raid (June 11, 1896)
The notorious Dalton Gang, consisting of four brothers, Bob, Grat, Bill, and Emmett Dalton, did their first train robbery near the Kansas-Oklahoma border. They robbed the train near the town of Red Rock, Oklahoma, just a few miles north of Newcastle. The Dalton boys had a long history of robbing banks and trains in the West. This event shook the small town of Newcastle.
4. The Feud between the Campbells and the Dentons (1896-1897)
The bitter feud between the Campbell and Denton families began with a dispute over a land sale. The feud escalated quickly after a fatal shooting. Over the next few years, both sides engaged in gunfights, ambushes, and assassinations. Gunslingers like John Wesley Hardin and Jim Miller were rumored to have participated in the feud. Newcastle was known to be one of the hotspots for this feud.
5. The discovery of oil (1910s)
In the early 1910s, oil was discovered in Texas, which transformed the state from an agricultural economy to an industrial one. Newcastle was one of the cities that benefited greatly from this discovery. The town saw many oil companies from all over the country and world coming in, drilling wells, and hiring locals to work for them.
6. The integration of Central High School (1969)
Central High School, located in Newcastle, had a difficult integration process in the late 1960s. During this period of civil rights progress, schools across the South, and indeed the entire United States, were grappling with the process of integration. Newcastle's experience, while not as well-known as others, was emblematic of the movement.
7. The tornadic activity (2011)
In April 2011, a terrorist outbreak of severe weather triggered a series of tornadoes across the southern United States. The outbreak was responsible for several deaths, and hundreds were left injured and homeless. One of the worst hit areas was Newcastle where homes and businesses were destroyed. Many in the community came together to support those who were affected by the disaster.
In conclusion, Newcastle has been the site of many historical events that have had a lasting impact on Texas, and indeed the nation. Whether it was the Civil War, oil exploration, or the integration of schools, these events have left a lasting impact on the small town. Understanding the history of Newcastle can help us better understand the complex social and economic forces that shaped Texas and the United States.
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