North Branch, New Jersey, a small community located in Somerset County, has a rich history dating back to the colonial era. Over the years, the town has been the site of several significant events that have shaped its history and that of the surrounding region. In this article, we will explore seven historical events that have taken place near North Branch, NJ.
1. Battle of Bound Brook (1777)
During the Revolutionary War, the Battle of Bound Brook took place just a few miles from North Branch. British forces under the command of General William Howe attacked the Continental Army, which was led by General Benjamin Lincoln. Although the British ultimately prevailed, the Patriot soldiers were able to delay their advance and inflict significant casualties.
2. Pluckemin Artillery Cantonment (1778-1779)
In the winter of 1778-1779, General Henry Knox established the Pluckemin Artillery Cantonment, a military training camp located just south of North Branch. This camp was used to train soldiers in the use of artillery, a key weapon in the war effort.
3. Woodhull General Hospital (1862-1865)
In the early years of the Civil War, the Woodhull General Hospital was established near North Branch to treat wounded soldiers. This facility was one of the largest in the country, with over 2,500 beds, and played a crucial role in the care of wounded soldiers during the war.
4. Pottersville Road (1863)
During the Civil War, soldiers and supplies had to be transported from the northern states to Washington, D.C. To aid in this effort, the federal government funded the construction of a new road that would pass through North Branch. This road, known as Pottersville Road, played an important role in the war effort by facilitating the movement of troops and supplies.
5. Camp Democrats (1872)
In the years following the Civil War, North Branch was the site of a political rally known as Camp Democrats. This event drew thousands of people to the area, and featured prominent speakers from the Democratic Party, including Samuel J. Tilden, who would go on to win the popular vote in the 1876 presidential election.
6. Griggstown Native American Encampment (1932)
In the early 1930s, a Native American encampment was discovered just north of North Branch in Griggstown. This encampment, which is believed to date back to the 1600s, is considered one of the most significant archaeological sites in the region and offers insight into the history of the area's indigenous peoples.
7. Branchburg Raceway (1955-1979)
In the mid-20th century, North Branch was home to the Branchburg Raceway, a popular motorsports venue that hosted events ranging from midget car races to drag races. The track was in operation for over 25 years before it closed in 1979.
In conclusion, North Branch, NJ, has been the site of several significant historical events that have shaped the town and the surrounding region. From the Revolutionary War to the Civil War to the mid-20th-century racing scene, the area has a rich and fascinating history that is still being explored and studied today.
- Tags: NJ