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7 Pieces Of History Near Peru, IN

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Peru, Indiana has a rich history that dates back to the early 19th century. This small city of just over 11,000 inhabitants has witnessed many significant historical events throughout its existence. Here are seven of the most notable historical events that have taken place near Peru.

1. Miami Treaty
The Miami Treaty was signed in 1840 near Peru. The treaty was signed between the United States government and the Miami Indians. The treaty ceded over 750,000 acres of land in northern Indiana, including the land which would eventually become Peru.

2. Underground Railroad
The Underground Railroad was a secret network of people and safe houses that helped slaves escape to freedom. Peru was a stop on the Underground Railroad, and many slaves passed through the city on their journey to freedom in the north. The exact locations of the safe houses used in Peru are not known, as they were kept secret to protect the slaves and their helpers.

3. Circus City Festival
Peru gained the nickname "Circus City" in the late 1800s when many traveling circuses decided to make Peru their home base. One of the most significant events in Peru's history is the Circus City Festival, which celebrates the city's circus heritage. The festival features parades, carnival rides, and performances by various circus acts.

4. World War II Training Ground
During World War II, Miami County and surrounding areas were used as a training ground for soldiers. The War Department established several training camps in the area, including Camp Atterbury, which was located about 60 miles southwest of Peru. The soldiers trained in various aspects of warfare, including infantry, artillery, and tank operations.

5. Grissom Air Force Base
Grissom Air Force Base is a former military installation located just north of Peru. The base was originally known as Bunker Hill Air Force Base and was established in 1942. It was renamed in 1968 in honor of astronaut Virgil "Gus" Grissom, who was born in nearby Mitchell, Indiana. The base was decommissioned in the 1990s and is now home to the Grissom Air Museum.

6. Blair's Ferry
Blair's Ferry was an important river crossing on the Wabash River near Peru. It was established by Preston Blair in the early 1800s and was used by pioneers traveling west. Blair's Ferry was a crucial link in the transportation network, and it helped to facilitate the growth of Peru and the surrounding area.

7. Oak Hill Cemetery
Oak Hill Cemetery is located in Peru and has been the final resting place for many significant figures in Indiana history. The cemetery contains the graves of notable people such as Miami Chief Jean Baptiste de Richardville, Governor Winfield T. Durbin, and inventor Elwood Haynes, among others.

In conclusion, Peru, Indiana has a substantial historical significance, and the events mentioned above are just a few examples of the many important moments that have taken place in or near the city. These events have shaped the city and the surrounding area and have left a lasting impact on the region's history.
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