Prairie View, TX, is situated in Waller County, Texas, and there have been numerous historical events that have taken place in the vicinity. Here are seven of these events that have had a significant impact on the community.
1. Emancipation Proclamation
On June 19, 1865, Major General Gordon Granger and his Union soldiers arrived in Galveston and issued General Order No. 3, which informed the slaves in Texas about their freedom. This order took place more than two years after President Abraham Lincoln issued his Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863. This historical event is known as Juneteenth and is now celebrated as a state and federal holiday.
2. Prairie View Normal School
Prairie View A&M University was established in 1876 as Prairie View Normal School, the first state-supported institution of higher education for African Americans in Texas. The school was founded by two African American state legislators, and its purpose was to educate African American teachers for the segregated public school system.
3. Mary Allen Seminary
Mary Allen Seminary, one of the first institutions of higher learning for women of color in Texas, was established in 1886. The school was founded by the African Methodist Episcopal Church, and it was named after Mary Allen, a prominent member of the church.
4. The Wallace Riots
The Wallace Riots took place in Waller County in 1910 when African American tenant farmers protested against the discriminatory policies of the white landlords. The unrest led to the lynching of an African American tenant farmer, Robert Powell, and the murder of several African Americans, including a child.
5. Civil Rights Protests
In the 1960s, Prairie View A&M University became a center for civil rights activities. Students protested against segregated facilities and housing discrimination in the town, and they were joined by activists such as Martin Luther King Jr. and Stokely Carmichael.
6. Prairie View Murders
In 2003, two Prairie View A&M students, Ryan Clark and Plurnell Moton, were shot and killed by Waller County sheriff's deputy, Brian Encinia. The incident sparked widespread protests and highlighted issues of police brutality and racial profiling.
7. Sandra Bland's Death
Sandra Bland was a Prairie View A&M alumna who was arrested by Encinia after a traffic stop in 2015. She was found dead in her jail cell three days later, and her death sparked national protests and discussions about police brutality and systemic racism.
In conclusion, Prairie View, TX, has been a site for several historical events that have shaped the community and the nation's history. From the Emancipation Proclamation to the Sandra Bland tragedy, the area has been a site of both struggle and triumph. These events serve as an inspiration for the community to continue to fight for justice and equality.
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