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7 Pieces Of History Near Prineville, OR

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Prineville is a small town located in Central Oregon, known for its majestic beauty, incredible landscapes, and rich history. As a matter of fact, this quaint little town has been the site of several pivotal historical events that have shaped the region in one way or the other. In this article, we’ll take a look at seven such historical events that took place near Prineville.

1. Massacre at Camp Watson

On April 11, 1862, a group of cavalry troops from the Union army set up a camp near the Crooked River in Prineville. The troops were on their way to service in Virginia. However, they were soon attacked by a group of Paiute warriors, led by Chief Paulina. In the ensuing battle, 33 Union soldiers lost their lives.

2. The Gold Rush

In the late 1800s, the discovery of gold in the Prineville area sparked a gold rush. Many people flocked to the region, hoping to strike it rich by mining gold. The rush lasted for a few years and transformed the region into a hub for mining activity.

3. The Homestead Act

In 1862, President Abraham Lincoln signed the Homestead Act, which allowed settlers to claim land in the West. The act played a significant role in the settlement of Central Oregon and Prineville, as many people claimed land and established homesteads in the region.

4. Prineville Railway

In the early 1900s, Prineville Railway was established, which connected Prineville to the rest of the world. The railway played a pivotal role in the economic development of Prineville, as goods and supplies could easily be transported to and from the town via the railway.

5. The Shevlin-Hixon Lumber Company

The Shevlin-Hixon Lumber Company was one of the largest lumber companies in the country, and it operated in Prineville for several years. The company was responsible for the development of several towns in the region and played a significant role in the economic growth of Prineville.

6. The First Airmail Flight

In 1926, the United States Postal Service initiated the first airmail service in the country, and the first flight was made between Pasco, WA, and Elko, NV, with a stopover in Prineville. The flight was a significant milestone in the history of aviation and paved the way for more advanced air services in the future.

7. Oregon's First State Prison

In 1866, Oregon's first state prison was built near Prineville. The prison played a crucial role in the state's criminal justice system and housed several notable figures, including the famous outlaw and killer, George Kimball.

In conclusion, Prineville is a small town with a rich history, and these seven historical events have played a significant role in shaping the region. From the gold rush to the development of the railway and lumber industry, Prineville’s history is a testament to the resilience and determination of its people.
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