Red Bank, NJ, is a small town with a rich history that dates back to the 1700s. Throughout the years, numerous significant events have occurred in and around Red Bank that have shaped the town's development and impacted the nation's history. In this article, we'll explore seven of these historical events.
1. The Battle of Monmouth - On June 28, 1778, one of the largest battles of the American Revolutionary War was fought just 10 miles from Red Bank. This battle saw Continental Army General George Washington and British General Sir Henry Clinton clash in a brutal engagement that saw the British forces ultimately withdrawing from the area. This victory was a turning point for the Continental Army, and it helped to build the momentum that led to the ultimate defeat of the British army.
2. The First Free African School in Red Bank - In 1828, the first completely free school for African American students was founded in Red Bank. This school, called the African Free School No. 2, was established by the local Presbyterian Church and provided education to both free and enslaved African American students. It was one of the first schools of its kind in the country and served as an example for others to follow.
3. The Assassination of President Garfield - On July 2, 1881, President James A. Garfield was shot by Charles J. Guiteau at the Baltimore and Potomac Railway Station in Washington D.C. Garfield was taken to the Elberon area of Long Branch, located just a few miles from Red Bank, where he rested and received medical care before ultimately passing away on September 19th.
4. The Arrival of the First Train - In 1839, the first steam engine arrived in Red Bank. This train, operated by the Camden & Amboy Railroad, revolutionized transportation in the area and allowed for the rapid movement of goods and people. This marked the beginning of Red Bank's transformation from a small agricultural town to a thriving center of industry.
5. The Construction of the Grove Street Cemetery - In 1844, Red Bank's first cemetery was established. The Grove Street Cemetery was used as the final resting place for many of the town's earliest settlers and played a significant role in Red Bank's development. The cemetery is still in use today and is open to the public.
6. The Building of the Navesink Twin Lights - The Navesink Twin Lights, located just four miles from Red Bank, were constructed in 1862. These lighthouses served as a critical navigation aid for sailors on the Atlantic Ocean and are widely regarded as a significant engineering achievement.
7. The Founding of the Monmouth Park Racetrack - In 1870, the Monmouth Park Racetrack was founded in nearby Oceanport. This racetrack quickly became one of the most prestigious horse racing venues in the country and attracted some of the sport's most well-known participants. Today, the Monmouth Park Racetrack continues to host significant horse racing events and is a significant contributor to the local economy.
In conclusion, these seven historical events are just a few examples of the many things that have occurred in or around Red Bank, NJ, that have shaped the town's development and had an impact on the nation's history. Whether you're a history buff or just someone interested in learning more about the area, these events provide a fascinating glimpse into the past.
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