Rollinsford, New Hampshire, as a small town in the United States, has a rich history that is often forgotten by many. However, upon taking a closer look, it becomes evident that the town has played a significant role in shaping the socio-economic landscape of New England. From colonial times to the industrial revolution, Rollinsford has seen a range of crucial historical events take place in and around the town. Here are seven key historical events that have taken place near Rollinsford, NH:
1. 1603: Trade with Native Americans
The first recorded contact between Europeans and the Native Americans in New Hampshire was in 1603 when English explorer Martin Pring traded with the Wabanaki tribe at the mouth of the Salmon Falls River, which flows through Rollinsford town.
2. 1623: The Landing of the Pilgrims in Portsmouth
Portsmouth Harbor, located a few miles from Rollinsford, was the place where the Pilgrims first landed in 1623. The Pilgrims established a trade relationship with the Piscataqua Indians, who inhabited the area, including the land that is now Rollinsford.
3. 1652: Establishment of Dover
The settlement of what is now Dover, NH, can be traced back to 1623, but it was not until 1652 that it was officially incorporated as a town. Rollinsford was part of Dover until it was established as a separate entity in 1849.
4. 1827: Establishment of the Great Falls Manufacturing Company
The Great Falls Manufacturing Company was established in Somersworth, NH, which is adjacent to Rollinsford. The company became one of the largest textile manufacturers in the country and contributed significantly to the growth of the area.
5. 1850s: Abolitionist Movement
The town of Rollinsford was involved in the abolitionist movement, which was a movement to end slavery in the United States. A number of Rollinsford residents were active in the movement and played a significant role in the Underground Railroad.
6. 1861-1865: Civil War
The Civil War had a significant impact on Rollinsford, as many residents joined the Union Army to fight against the Confederacy. Several Rollinsford soldiers died in the war, and there are still remnants of the town's involvement in the conflict, such as the Civil War Monument located in the center of town.
7. 1907: Mill Fire
One of the most devastating events in Rollinsford's history was the 1907 mill fire, which destroyed the Great Falls Manufacturing Company's cotton mill in Somersworth. The fire caused significant damage to the area's economy, and many residents were forced to relocate to find work.
In conclusion, Rollinsford, NH, has a rich history of significant events that played a vital role in shaping not only the town but the surrounding areas as well. From colonial times to the industrial revolution and the abolitionist movement, Rollinsford has played a significant role in New England's social and economic landscape. Understanding and appreciating these historical events is crucial in preserving the town's cultural heritage and keeping the memory of the past alive for future generations.
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