Rough Rock, Arizona is a small community located in Navajo County, Arizona. The area is rich in history and has seen many significant events that have shaped the history of the United States.
Here are seven historical events that have taken place near Rough Rock, Arizona:
1. Long Walk of the Navajo - In 1864, the U.S. Army forced the Navajo people to leave their homeland and relocate to a reservation in Bosque Redondo, New Mexico. This forced relocation, known as the "Long Walk of the Navajo," was a traumatic event that saw thousands of Navajo people die due to harsh conditions and disease.
2. Indian Wars - In the late 1800s, the U.S. Army was engaged in a series of conflicts with various Native American tribes in the West, including the Navajo people. During this time, Rough Rock and the surrounding area were the site of several battles between the U.S. Army and Native American warriors.
3. Uranium mining - In the mid-20th century, uranium mining became a significant industry in the Navajo Nation. Many of the mines were located near Rough Rock, and the industry had a significant impact on the local economy and environment.
4. Tribal self-determination - In the 1960s and 1970s, a movement for tribal self-determination and sovereignty emerged among Native American communities. This movement led to the establishment of the Navajo Nation government, which is now the largest tribal government in the United States.
5. Religious freedom - In 1978, the American Indian Religious Freedom Act was passed, which recognized Native American religious practices and protected them from government interference. This act was significant for the Navajo people, who have a rich spiritual tradition that includes practices such as the Navajo Way and the Blessing Way.
6. Navajo Code Talkers - During World War II, the Navajo Nation contributed significantly to the war effort by supplying code talkers who used the Navajo language to create a code that the Japanese were unable to decipher. The code talkers played a critical role in several major battles, including the Battle of Iwo Jima.
7. Tribal college - In 1971, the Navajo Nation established Diné College, the first tribally-controlled college in the United States. The college is located in Tsaile, Arizona, just a few miles from Rough Rock, and provides educational opportunities for Navajo students and others.
These are just a few of the many historical events that have taken place near Rough Rock, Arizona. The area continues to be an important part of the Navajo Nation and the larger history of the United States.
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