Salisbury Township, nestled in Lehigh County, Pennsylvania, has a rich history that dates back centuries. Encompassing a region of natural beauty, this area has witnessed many significant events, from pre-colonial times to the present day.
Among the numerous historical events that have taken place near Salisbury Township, here are seven that have played vital roles in shaping the region's past.
1. Unami-Susquehannock Wars (1600s)
The history of Salisbury Township and its surroundings dates back to more than 10,000 years ago. Before the arrival of European explorers, the area was inhabited by the Lenape people, also known as the Delaware Indians. The Unami-Susquehannock Wars, fought between the Lenape and the Susquehannocks, took place in the 1600s, and this area was a significant region of conflict.
2. Walking Purchase (1737)
The Walking Purchase was a controversial land deal between the Penn family and the Lenape people. The Penn family claimed an additional 1,200 square miles of land by exploiting a term in a 1686 deed that stipulated William Penn could purchase as much land as a person could walk in 36 hours. This deceitful purchase resulted in the displacement of the Lenape peoples, and the region became part of the colony of Pennsylvania.
3. Moravian Settlers (1742)
In 1742, Moravian missionaries established the settlement of Bethlehem, just a few miles east of Salisbury Township. The Moravians were a Protestant denomination that originated in present-day Czech Republic. They founded several communities in Pennsylvania, including Nazareth and Emmaus, and were renowned for their successful agricultural, industrial, and educational endeavors.
4. Great Allentown Fair (1852)
The Great Allentown Fair began in 1852 as a celebration of agriculture, industry, and culture. The fair quickly grew in popularity, drawing large crowds from across the region. Today, it is one of the oldest annual fairs in the United States and attracts hundreds of thousands of visitors each year.
5. Battle of Cedar Creek (1864)
During the American Civil War, the Battle of Cedar Creek took place just south of the current borders of Salisbury Township. Confederate forces, led by General Jubal A. Early, launched a surprise attack on the Union forces of General Philip H. Sheridan, causing their retreat. However, Union forces eventually regrouped, pushed back with a counter-attack, and won the battle.
6. Pennsylvania Dutch Culture
Salisbury Township has been inhabited by Pennsylvania Dutch people for over 300 years. Pennsylvania Dutch is not actually Dutch but is a dialect of German spoken by the early German settlers of Pennsylvania. Many of the customs and traditions of the Pennsylvania Dutch are still present in the area today, including hex signs on barns and farmhouses, and an emphasis on farming, animal husbandry, and craftsmanship.
7. The Kentucky Derby Winner Grindstone (1996)
Although not as historic as the previous events, Grindstone, the winner of the 1996 Kentucky Derby, was bred at Stonerside Farm, located just south of Salisbury Township. Grindstone's victory was notable because he was the first horse in 50 years to win the Derby without having raced before his two-year-old season.
In conclusion, these seven historical events, from Native American skirmishes to horse racing glory, have significantly impacted the history and culture of Salisbury Township and its surroundings. Anyone interested in history and culture would find it fascinating to explore this area and learn more about its rich and storied past.
- Tags: PA