San Ysidro, located in San Diego County, California, is a city that has a rich history. From Native American settlements to the modern-day border crossing, San Ysidro has a fascinating story to tell. Here are seven historical events that have taken place in San Ysidro.
1. Kumeyaay People Settle in the San Ysidro Valley
The Kumeyaay people were the first inhabitants of the San Ysidro Valley. They lived in small communities throughout the region, including the area that is now San Ysidro. They were skilled hunters and gatherers and had a deep connection to the land.
2. Spanish Conquest of California
In 1769, the Spanish expedition led by Gaspar de Portolá and Father Junipero Serra arrived in San Diego to establish a mission and military settlement. San Ysidro became part of the Spanish Empire and was used as an agricultural outpost.
3. The Mexican-American War
The Mexican-American War began in 1846 and lasted two years. San Ysidro was at the heart of the conflict as it was the main route for troops and supplies coming from Mexico to San Diego. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the war in 1848, giving California to the United States.
4. San Ysidro Land Grant
In 1842, Manuel Jimeno Casarin was granted the San Ysidro Land Grant by the Mexican government. The grant allowed him to occupy and cultivate the land. He built a home on the land, which still stands today.
5. Construction of the San Ysidro Port of Entry
The San Ysidro Port of Entry, the busiest land border crossing in the world, was constructed in the 1930s. The crossing was built to accommodate the growing number of people crossing the border between the United States and Mexico.
6. Chicano Movement Protests
In the late 1960s and early 1970s, the Chicano Movement took place in San Ysidro. Mexican Americans protested against discrimination, police brutality, and low educational opportunities. One of the most significant protests took place in 1970 when Chicano students protested the substandard education and lack of opportunities for Mexican American students.
7. The Tijuana Cartel
San Ysidro has been in the news recently due to the activities of the Tijuana Cartel. The cartel is one of the biggest drug trafficking organizations in the world, and San Ysidro has been used as a transit point for drugs coming from Mexico.
In conclusion, San Ysidro has a rich and varied history. From the Kumeyaay people to the modern-day Tijuana Cartel, the city has been at the center of many significant historical events. Whether you're interested in Native American culture, colonial history, or modern-day politics, San Ysidro has something to offer.
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