Sioux Falls, South Dakota is a city that is rich in history, with many significant events taking place in and around the area. From battles with Native Americans to aviation achievements, the city has played host to various happenings that have shaped the course of American history. Here are seven historical events that have taken place near Sioux Falls, SD and are worth learning about:
1. Defeat of Native American Tribes
In 1862, the first major conflict involving whites and Native American tribes occurred near Sioux Falls. The conflict arose due to the mistreatment of Dakota Sioux who had recently signed treaties ceding land to the United States government. The tribes were not receiving their annual payments, forcing them to turn to hunting and other means to survive. The U.S. government sent troops to quell the unrest, resulting in one of the largest land battles in the Civil War era.
2. The Founding of Sioux Falls
The city of Sioux Falls was founded in 1856, after the government completed the survey of the area. The city was originally created as a stopping point for travelers and merchants moving goods up and down the Big Sioux River.
3. The First Commercial Flight
In 1914, the first commercial flight in the United States took off from the Sioux Falls Municipal Airport. The flight was piloted by Tony Jannus and transported a paying passenger from Fargo, North Dakota to St. Paul, Minnesota.
4. The Lewis and Clark Expedition
The Lewis and Clark Expedition passed through the area in 1804 on their journey westward. They discovered the Big Sioux River and named it Teton River. They also reported the beauty of the area, including the Falls of the Big Sioux, which would later lend their name to the city.
5. The Great Sioux Reservation
In 1868, the Treaty of Fort Laramie was signed, creating the Great Sioux Reservation which encompassed today’s cities of Sioux Falls, Rapid City, and Pierre. The treaty was broken just a few years later with the discovery of gold in the Black Hills, leading to years of conflict between the U.S. government and the Sioux.
6. Creation of the Sioux Quartzite Buildings
The area surrounding Sioux Falls is rich in Sioux Quartzite, which is a durable and attractive building material. This led to many significant buildings in the area being constructed with the material, including the South Dakota State Capitol building and the Carnegie Library in Sioux Falls.
7. The Damming of the Big Sioux River
In 1958, the Big Sioux River was dammed near Sioux Falls to create a hydroelectric power plant. The damming project was part of a larger plan to provide irrigation water to the surrounding agricultural areas.
In conclusion, Sioux Falls has a rich and varied history that includes pivotal events in U.S. history. From the founding of the city to the first commercial flight, these events have helped to shape the city into what it is today. Whether you are a history buff or simply interested in learning more about the area, these historical events are definitely worth exploring.
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